About Abd al-Malik reigned from 65 to 705 AD Life Story

About Abd al-Malik reigned from 65 to 705 AD Life Story

About Abd al-Malik reigned from 65 to 705 AD Life Story

Effortlessly he inherited four worthy sons, the first 3 (2424 AD) and Hisham. 6th September 72 Announces his successor. Abdul Malik is called [ather of Kings or Rajendra. Because of her. ), Sulaiman (615-618 AD), Yazid II (720 AD) and Hisham (624-643 AD) were later appointed caliphs. 605 Christians. Abdul Malik died at the age of 72. Historians have traced Abdul Malik, the true founder of the Ya dynasty, to the Umayyad dynasty. In the case of domestic and foreign policy, the principles laid down give him this status!

Although Muawiyah was the founder of this dynasty, he established the society on a solid foundation. Abdul Malik Umayya was on the verge of destruction when the newly established Umayyad dynasty was on the verge of destruction due to weak rulers. He took the helm of the jump. Under his valiant leadership the dynasty was founded on a solid foundation which lasted till 650 AD.

A movement was formed for the purpose of protection

Character and Achievement As a determined and just ruler

So it is undeniable that he was the real founder of the Umayyad dynasty.  Abd al-Malik reigned from 65 to 705 AD and began a glorious chapter in the history of the Umayyad dynasty and the history of Islam. Historian Bernard Lewis says, “Abdul Malik's caliphate did not have the dictatorship of the ancient Oriental type; Rather it was a central monarchy with Arab traditions and religious ideologies. Ascending the throne, Tan faced various obstacles. The Ramans became stronger and again the Muslim empire. Attacked and defeated. Africa also fell into the hands of Muslims. Abdul Malik ascended the throne and restored peace and order to the empire with a stern hand, defended the empire from the invasion of the Ramans and extended the boundaries of the caliphate. Activities such as introduction of Arabic language in government offices, improvement of Arabic alphabet, currency reform and introduction of Arabic currency, development of postal department, restructuring of revenue system, etc. have given immortality to Abdul Malik as a reformer. He had a keen interest in poetry, literature and culture. He was himself a prolific writer and encouraged poets and writers to give prizes and help. Poets like Jarir, Al-Akhtal, Qusail, Azza, Alfarajdak gained his patronage. He respected all classes of scholars irrespective of religion, caste and creed. Christians, in particular, enjoyed a respectable position. A Christian named Tayajuk. He had a personal physician. His mentor was a Christian named Sergius.

Abdul Malik's character was a combination of good and evil, gentle and harsh. In this context, the historian Amir Ali said, "He was just, as long as justice was not against the interests of the dynasty." Amir Ali Arai also said,

Abdul Malik was energetic, intriguing and unseruplous. He applied himself with extraordinary ability to strengthen his position. Many historians have said that "love and cruelty were the hallmarks of Caliph Abdul Malik." According to Masudi, "his assistants followed in his footsteps with great bloodshed." He was extremely courageous, enthusiastic, determined and ambitious and did not hesitate to do anything to achieve his goal, but he was certainly less cruel than Charlemagne. Muir 699, "Before resorting to extremities, he repeatedly made offers of pardon reconciliation." That is to say, "Before taking any drastic action against the rebel forces in Kona, he would repeatedly offer condolences and sympathy." So he was undoubtedly less cruel than his contemporary Charlemagne of France, or Justinian II of Peter and Ram. Above all, Abdul Malik, with his efficiency, political foresight and character, strengthened the Umayyad dynasty by protecting it from impending destruction. For these reasons, Abdul Malik is said to be the second founder of the Umayyad dynasty. In this context, William Moore rightly said, "Upon the whole, the verdict on Abd-al-Malit must be in his favor."

The Defense revision of Pa Laha's proposal

Walid Bin Abdul Malik

About Abd al-Malik reigned from 65 to 705 AD Life Story

Expansion of Khilafah, Character and Achievement (605615 AD)

Walid bin Abdul Malik: Khilafat Expansion, Character and Achievement(705-715 AD) After the death of Abdul Malik in 605 AD his rightful son Al-Walid succeeded to the Umayyad Caliphate. His reign was a glorious chapter in the history of the expansion of the Muslim Empire. During his reign of 10 years. There was no rebellion or gossip; On the contrary, peace and order prevailed throughout the kingdom. His reign was characterized by the expansion of empires, reproduction and the excellence of Arab architecture. During his short rule, the Muslim empire expanded greatly. In the words of the historian Muir- "The reign of Al-Walid was glorious. Both at home and abroad." He was not as skilled as his father, but fortunately he was close to some of the most skilled generals in the opinion of Hajjaj bin Yusuf, Muhammad bin Qasim, Qutayba bin Muslim, Tariq bin Ziad and Musa bin Nusair. As a result of their heroism, he was able to fly the victory flag of Islam in Asia, Europe and Africa.

Ascension to the Throne

After the death of Caliph Abdul Malik in 7 AH, 605 AD, Caliph Walid ascended the throne of Damascus. He inherited a peaceful empire. Because, in 604 AD, when Abdul Malik considered his eldest son Al-Walid as his successor, Walid's own uncle was nominated by Marwan. And Egypt's Wali Abdul Aziz opposes that decision. But when Abdul Aziz died before Abdul Malik, al-Walid came to power unopposed. 

Early steps Al-Walid followed the administrative and foreign policy adopted by his father as a worthy successor. He retained Hajjaj bin Yusuf, the ruler of the eastern region, on the orders of his father. 606 AD. Al-Walid appointed his cousin Omar bin Abdul Aziz as the ruler of Hejaz. After the removal of Yazid bin Muhallib, the ruler of Kharasan, he appointed Qutaybah bin Muslim. Walid's brother Maslamah was the commander-in-chief of the Muslim forces in Asia Minor. Large areas of Asia Minor came under the control of the Arabs at this time.

After his death, his son Ibrahim became the chief organizer. He appointed Abu Muslim Kharasani of Iranian descent as a preacher. He was a worthy organizer. They formed an anti-Umayyad alliance with the Fatimids and started an anti-Umayyad movement. At the anti-Umayyad meeting of the Fatimids and Abbasids in Makkah, Abdullah, a descendant of Hazrat Hasan (ra), was elected post-Umayyad caliph after the fall of the Umayyads, and the strategy of the anti-Umayyad movement was determined. Anti-Umayyad public opinion began to organize rapidly in the joint campaign of Fatemi and Abbasi. Abbasid leaders Abu Muslim and Abul Abbas al-Saffah displayed organizational skills. On behalf of the Fatimids, Abdullah, along with his two sons Muhammad and Ibrahim, continued to campaign in the surrounding areas, including Kharasan, Kufa, and Basra. The Abbasid leader As-Saffah had full control over these areas. 

The agitators adopted black cloth as their symbol

In these areas the As-Saffah alliance came to the fore. Marv was the first to be captured under the leadership of Abu Muslim. After that Kufa, Basra and other areas were occupied by the alliance Comes. Abu Salma and Hasan bin Qahtaba (both Abbasi muballigs and generals) proclaimed Abul Abbas al-Saffah caliph on 30 October 649 at the Kufa Jame Mosque. 650 AD In January, he fought with the Umayyad caliph Marwan at Jab in the Tigris River Basin. When Marwan was defeated and killed, the Abbasi Caliphate was established.

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