Administrative System of Muawiyah

Administrative System of Muawiyah

Administrative System of Muawiyah

Biya was a skilled and talented ruler. During his rule, peace prevailed in the society.

Historian von Kramer said: "Muawiyah was the founder of the empire. As such, Muawiyah was a "ruler of a generous heart." Abolished government functions and issued a permanent and consolidated judgment on the "Bahazintines" pre-existing governance structure. " The establishment of the Secretariat is discussed below. He is Sasanian and Raman. He established the Central and Provincial Information Secretariat to introduce central government in a similar administrative structure to the administration. He also formed a central paradigm in the capital to run the administration smoothly. Arabic, Greek and Persian are used in the central secretariats. Bernard Swiss said Arab. Muawiyah's contribution to the establishment of the regime is undeniable. He abolished the Majlis-e-Ush-Shura and was replaced by a government official. He introduced the system of nominations instead of the system of elections.

Mention Not When Sultan Muhammad bin Fateh II captured Cantinepal

The According to the election results

Introduction to the Postal Department 

Muawiyah established the first postal department (Dewan Al-Barid) in the history of Islam. Sahib-al-Barid was the chief officer of this department. Through it he arranged for the exchange of public and private correspondence, with an A every 12 miles Ray set up the post office. In addition to his postal duties, he worked as a state spy. The main duty of the spies was to gather news on political and administrative matters and inform the caliph. The tail of the specific horse for the call is marked by cutting.

Registry Department

Caliph Muawiyah set up a department called the Dewanul-Khatam or Registry Department to coordinate the provincial government with the central government. The chief officer was called Sahib-ul-Khatam. Every provision made by the caliph is first registered in this section and then the real order is the caliph. He was sent to the provinces by Maherankit. This department maintained the central and provincial functions and instructions. As a result, government decrees, laws, etc. are protected from fraud. 

Revenue reform: Revenue restructuring was one of the steps in Muawiyah's administrative reform. He was the first to make the revenue department a separate department within the administrative structure. At that time a prominent official named Sahib-ul-Kharaj was appointed in each province to collect the revenue, whose main responsibility was to keep account of all the revenue and expenditure of the state. The provincial governor was forced to rely on Sahib-ul-Kharaj for money. As a result, on the one hand, the power of the provincial governors is lost, on the other hand, the economic development and prosperity of the state begins. However, Muawiyah used to spend money to gain the support of influential people; However, after fulfilling this purpose, he used to take measures to replenish the treasury. In this way he was able to fill the treasury in many ways. 

Bahna Etstha: Caliph Muawiyah was the governor of Syria during the reign of Osman, the third caliph of Islam.

Tan was the first to establish a Muslim navy with 500 ships. As caliph, he established a strong navy to improve the navy. With the help of this navy he captured Cyprus, Raves, Crete and other Greek islands off the coast of Asia Minor. Thus Muawiyah became one of the best rulers of the Muslim world by building a stable and cohesive state system based on the original pin structure of the Raemans. With the help of Vishal A. Nebhar, Caliph Muawiyah established a vast kingdom from the banks of the Indus to the Atlantic. P. K. Hitti said, "He was not only the first but also one of the best of the Arab Kings." That is, he was not only the first king, but also one of the most famous Arab rulers. 

Death of Muawiyah: After a long reign, Khalifa Muawiyah died in April 70 AD (Shaban, 61 AH) at the age of about 75 years. His reign was an important chapter in the history of Islam. . He served as the provincial governor of Syria for a long period of 20 years and then ruled the Muslim world for almost 20 years.

La Omar bin Abdul Aziz (Omar ) (617-720 AD)

Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)

Muawiyah as a King (Muawiyah as a King) Muawiyah as a caliph or king Muawiyah made many changes in that position

Administrative System of Muawiyah

According to many studies, he transformed the caliphate into a sultanate and declared himself the first sultan. Muawiyah's son Yazid abolished the Khilafah system established on the basis of elections for the purpose of making Banana the successor of the Masons and introduced the system of nomination in the election of a caliph. This system was later introduced by Abbasi and others. Follows. As a result, the democratic system prevalent from the time of Khulafa Rashedin was abolished and the nomination system was included in the succession. Most of the so-called caliphs are supposed to run the government smoothly. The spread of the history and tradition of Islam in Para was hampered. Muawiyah was the first caliph in the history of Islam who did not associate with the people. He rejected the principle of simplicity and unity of the caliphs with the people during the reign of Khulafa Rashedin. Muawiyah. Armed soldiers were stationed at the palace gates. As a result, there was no opportunity for the people to enter the palace or meet the emperor if they wished. In addition, when he came in front of the people, he was surrounded by bodyguards. Kept. Muawiyah considered the government property to be private property. Majlis-e-Ush-Shura was ineffective during Muawiyah's rule. Because Caliph Muawiyah used his power to solve all the problems. Thus Muawiyah Khulafaye. Introduced a caliphate of a different nature from the caliphate of Rashedin's time; Where democracy and equality were not at a significant rate. The statement of the historian William Muir about the reign of Caliph Muawiyah is noteworthy. "The masnad authority of Muawiyah in Damascus marks the end of the caliphate and the beginning of the sultanate," he said. The best caliph of the Fatimids, was a wise, prudent and ambitious ruler. About him Syed Amir Ali Human is disposition and gifted with wonderful tact and ability he won the friendship of the chiefs were most bitterly opposed to his father and grandfather." That is to say, "He was kind and wonderful. He possessed wisdom and skill, but he became friends with the leaders who were the worst enemies of his father and grandfather, even if he did not like them." despite being a Shiite, Caliph al-Mu'izz adopted a liberal attitude towards the Sunnis. In his kingdom. Religion, race, caste, etc. could not be an obstacle.

Publicity and service to humanity were the main features of Caliph Omar

Surendranath Bandopadhyay and many others along with Indian Association and India League Established

VSC pa Skilled Organizer

The main goal of Al-Muiz's rule was the welfare of the people and consolidation of Fatimid prestige. He divided the empire into several provinces and the provinces into several districts to streamline the system of governance. Ibn Kallis and Ashuq were given the responsibility of determining the revenue of Egypt for the prosperity of the country. Their skills increase revenue and land reform is accomplished.

Skilled Ruler: Historian P. K. Hitti mentions him (al-Mu'izz) as the second founder of the Fatimid Empire after Abu Abdullah al-Shi'i. The chief general was the secretary of the caliph. His status was higher with the caliph than with the prime minister. He divided the administration into six departments. Such as 1

Sahibu Kalamul Jalin: Maintenance of government documents and submission of necessary documents to the caliph. The department was in charge.

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