Khilafah Sampras in the history of Islam

Khilafah Sampras in the history of Islam

Khilafah Sampras in the history of Islam

Syria  Abdul Malik and during his father's foreign policy The name of Khalifa Al-Walid as the victor in history is ever memorable. He ascends the throne. Follows national policy. Historian Hitti says, "The conquests of Rabia, Iraq, Persia, and Egypt by Caliphs Omar (ra) and Osman (ra) marked the end of the first phase of the expansion of Muslim society; Now the second phase of the conquest of the Muslim Empire begins again under Malik and Walid. Below is the Walid empire. 

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The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

Expansion of kingdoms in Asia 

During the reign of Abdul Malik, Ibn al-Asat, Mahalib and Yazid occupied some of Central Asia, but later settled in Trans Oxiana The Turks living in Dras Aksyana often revolted and caused trouble. Al-Walid's Eastern rule is therefore intended to suppress the Qadeer Gaelz and to conquer the territories of Central Asia. On the advice of Vaz bin Yusuf, the ruler of Central Asia sent Katayaba. Kutayba in the middle of 708 AD. Advancing towards Asia, he easily conquered Balkh, Takharistan, Fergana, Khawarizm, Samarkand and many other cities. Towards the end of the expedition, in 614 AD, he was able to conquer the western border of China, Turkestan and Kashgar and occupy the whole of Central Asia. However, the news of Walid's death in 615 AD interrupted his conquest. The conquest of Central Asia is a historic event. As a result of this victory, the Buddhist Mangals came in contact with the ideology of Islam. Historian Attabari said, "Kutayba conquered Kashgar and entered mainland China." Tabari's comment is wrong; Because these areas were later conquered. Historian Amir Ali said, “Kutayba was a skilled warrior and a skilled general. His contribution to the establishment of Muslim rule in Central Asia was immense. He began the glorious chapter of Islam's conquest of the West. When the barbarians caused chaos at the behest of the Ramans, Musa suppressed them and drove them out of the whole of North Africa. He established Muslim rule throughout North Africa, including Morocco and Tanzania. With the help of the navy, he repulsed the attacks of the Raemans. Occupied a Mediterranean island

The Conquest of Spain The conquest of Spain was the most important military campaign during the reign of Elifa al-Walid. The Arabs so far. Of all the major military victories, the Spanish expedition was dramatic and far-reaching. P. K. Hitti said, "In its swiftness of execution and completeness of success this expedition into Spain holds a unique place in medieval military annals." That is, "Spain for the rapid success of the war and the full success of the victory. The expedition has gained a unique place in the history of medieval warfare. The overall situation in Spain on the eve of the Muslim conquest is discussed below

Character and Achievements of Omar bin Abdul Aziz Khalifa Omar bin Abdul
How Many historians have commented when Imam Hasan

Political situation

Khilafah Sampras in the history of Islam

Prior to the Muslim conquest, the political situation in Spain was extremely precarious. At that time the whole country was divided into several small states. Due to the weakness of the central government, the provinces were almost independent. It is the infighting among the aristocracy, the deteriorating law and order situation, the unwillingness of the clergy in the political arena. Prestige, lack of discipline in the army aggravates the overall situation. That night in Spain. Roderick was a Gothic Christian king. He was a very corrupt ruler. Under his rule, 1 people took refuge in Muslim Africa. In this situation, the Muslim general and ruler invited Musa to invade Spain.

Social status: On the eve of the Muslim conquest, the social conditions in Spain were very sad and heartbreaking. There were three classes of people living in the society- (a) elite community, (b) middle class community, (c) lower class community. However, the gap between the ruling class and the ruling class was wide. The ruling class consisted mainly of kings, nobles, priests and feudal lords. On the other hand, in the ranks of the ruled were burghers, serfs, slaves and Jews. The fate of the lower classes was in the hands of the elite. Historian Amir Ali said, "Bhumidas Hayek or Kritadas Hayek, there was no hope for them to gain freedom or escape the free sun until their death." Inequality, injustice, and oppression were rampant. Slaves, Saf, Bargadar and others oppressed by unspeakable torture. The Jews have long been anxiously waiting for a revolutionary change. The oppressed and helpless people, the victims of indescribable oppression, longed for the end of this regime. Musa bin Nusayr sent Lake to inquire about the condition of the general population of Spain. 

Economic Situation 

The economic situation in Spain at that time was extremely critical and depressing. On the one hand the boundless neglect of the welfare of the common people, on the other hand the trade and commerce, industry and agriculture.

Every extreme negligence, substantial waste and misuse of money, discriminatory distribution of wealth, oppressive taxation etc. Due to which the economic structure of the country collapsed. The whole nation, except the aristocracy, was on the brink of financial ruin. People were trying to get rid of the burden of extra taxes.

The gradual decline of the Abbasid Caliphate

The most notable event conquest of North Africa

Region known: The word Africa was formerly Africa. Distortions in Latin pronunciation have become commonplace in Africa. At present there are 7 countries or regions in North Africa. At that time, North Africa was known as Al Maghrib or the West. Was known. Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco are inhabited by barbarian-speaking lakes. It was also called the land of the barbarians. Separately, Morocco to Maghrib ul Aqsa (far west) and Algeria to Maghrib ul. It is called Awsat (near west). Algeria and Tunisia are called Marquis together. Kyrgyzstan was the capital of North Africa. The Israelites lived in this area. The country was ruled by the Romans and the Greeks, the last Goths. Before the Muslims conquered this country, the country was under the rule of East Roman Empire or Constantinople. Egypt and its environs came under Muslim rule during the reign of Hazrat Omar (ra), the second caliph of Rashedin in Khulafa in 641 AD.

Movement: After the death of Hazrat Ali (ra), the 4th caliph of Islam, his son Imam Hasan (ra) was appointed as his ruler, but later he showed disinterest in the caliphate and ruled in favor of Muawiyah (ra).

Give The condition was that after Muawiyah (ra) his sixth brother Imam Husain (ra) would be given caliphate. If Muawiyah (ra) breaks his promise and nominates his son Yazid, the devout Muslims of the Muslim world will be hurt. With the support of the people of Makkah and Madinah, Hazrat Husain (ra) claimed the caliphate. The people of Kufa, who were the staunch supporters of Hazrat Ali (ra), the father of Imam Husain (ra), assured Imam Husain (ra) of their support in gaining the caliphate. He sent his cousin Muslim to Kufa to find out the general condition of Kufa. Muslim did not understand the intentions of the governor of Kufa and was impressed by their positive response and invited Imam Husain (RA) to come to Kufa. In this situation Imam Husain (RA) decided to go to Kufa. He left Madinah with his family and 200 men for Kufr, but was intercepted by Yazid's troops in the desert of Karbala. On the 10th of Muharram, in the desert of Karbala, Imam Husain was defeated and martyred in spite of his heroism. After this stigmatized chapter of 10 Muharram, the Muslim world became more sympathetic towards the Fatimids. 

The Movement on the streets (1948)

The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani

Activities of the Fatimids during the Umayyad period

The Fatimid or Ali dynasty was the second major power during the Umayyad period. During the reign of Hisham bin Abdul Malik (624-643 AD) the popularity of the Umayyads declined sharply. At that time Zayd bin Ali II (Zaynul Abidin) was the grandson of Imam Husain (R) who was one of the good rulers of Islam. Properly observed. He won the love of the people. As the popularity of the Umayyads waned, the Kufr people rallied under his leadership. Holding hands with him, about 15,000 Kufas accepted the bayat and accepted him as caliph. Yusuf ibn Omar al-Sakafi, the then governor of Kufra Umayya, heard the news and prepared for war. In such a situation, some people from Kufa asked Hazrat Zayd ibn Ali, "What kind of a person do you think Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Omar (ra) are?" He replied: I didn't hear you comment. " The people of Kufa became angry and said, Why are you dissatisfied with the Umayyad caliphate? " At this time Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdullah ibn Abbas ibn Abdul Muttalib began to form public opinion in favor of the Abbasids, and after his death his son Ibrahim.

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