La Omar bin Abdul Aziz (Omar ) (617-720 AD)

La Omar bin Abdul Aziz (Omar ) (617-720 AD)

La Omar bin Abdul Aziz (Omar ) (617-720 AD)

The world is awakening again and the peace of the empire is being disrupted. Thousands of captives have been released from Iraqi prisons. 1 most effections of the people and the title of the

Caliph Sulayman (615-618 AD) (Sulayman) After the death of Caliph Al-Walid, his brother Sulayman, Umayyad Singh in 615 AD

Thimariya fan. He was generous, outspoken, just and friendly. As a result of his anti-monetary and irrational policy, the old conflict between the two dynasties was rekindled, and as soon as he came to power in the empire, he became one of the thousands of prisoners taken by the Hajjaj.

lassing). Does. This is why he called 'Miftahul Khair' or 'Key of Blessing' (The Key of Bless Syed Ameer Ali 6019, "The Act which won him most effections of the peo of blessing (Miftah al-Khair) was his opening the prison-doms of the tyrante nis opening the prison-doms of the tyrant Hajjaj all over the East 80 meaning, Than Lakes was especially revered and that is why he is Miftahul Khair’s B. The so-called 'key to blessing' was the tyrant Hajjaj of the East. What was achieved was to open the gates of the oppressive Hajjaj prison in the east. " Caliph Sulayman, who had a strong and beautiful appearance, was flamboyant and comfortable. However, he could show valor when needed. Caliph Walid ignored the nomination of his father by his brother Sulayman.

Arab Administrator Treasurer and Minister of Defense of the Umayyad Caliphate

Administrative System of Muawiyah

Hajjaj bin Yusuf supported the decision to nominate 

His own son instead of Solomon, ignoring Patar's nomination; For this reason, Caliph Sulaiman was angry with Hajjaj. If Hajjaj dies before he falls into his race, then the son-in-law of Hajjaj, the conqueror of Sindh, Muhammad bin Qasim, has to share this battle. The Spanish conquerors Musa and Tariq also fell into the Caliph's wrath and starved to death. Died. Kutayba bin Muslim, the famous ruler of Kharasan, was killed for the same reason. But he respected honest people. Moreover, Ali (ra) and his descendants were treated kindly. Before his death, he did not consider his son Ayub or David as his successor, but his cousin Omar bin Abdul, a noble and pious son. He left a great example by appointing Aziz as the next heir. He died in 617 AD.

lifa Omar bin Abdul Aziz (Omar-II) (717-720 AD) Introduction

The ascension of Omar bin Abdul Aziz to the throne marks the beginning of a landmark chapter in the history of the world. After the death of Caliph Sulaiman in 017 AD, his son Abdul Aziz, the ruler of Egypt, decorated the Umayyad throne. He is known throughout history as the Righteous Caliph. He was born in Madinah in 61 AD. "Mind. His mother Umm Asim Laila bint Asim Ibn Omar was the second daughter of Islam. 

The students were protesting against section 144

The most notable event conquest of North Africa

Granddaughter of Hazrat Omar (ra)

La Omar bin Abdul Aziz (Omar ) (617-720 AD)

When the barbarism is mediocre in the Umayyad Empire (2nd) He took over the reigns of the Umayyad Empire when barbarism, conspiracy, imperialism, expansionism, luxury, four and lawlessness were rampant. He was a pious and just man. He followed Rashedin's footsteps in the caliphate, for which he was called the 'saint' (Umayyad!) and fifth caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. 

Reforms: There were two main features of the policy of Umayyad ruler Omar II. Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz used to consult Muhammad ibn Raja ibn Harwa and Salim ibn Abdullah after the caliphate, 

saying: Think of the baby as a boy. Then be kind to your father, have a good relationship with your brother, and be kind to your son. 

Speech: After assuming the office of caliph, he said, "O people, fix your Hereafter, then Allah Almighty will fix your world." If you correct their secret matters, then Allah will correct your public information. Listen, obedience to creation is not valid in disobedience to Almighty Allah.

Under Spanish rule, Hajib's position is thought to be similar to that of a modern-day prime minister. He used to take the seat next to the caliph in various state meetings. There were reserved seats for Hajib in the royal court. On behalf of Hajib, Fatibad-Dual (Karmasachib) or Khatib was in charge of supervising the work of different departments. After the vizier. Khatib had the rank. The other khatibs were devoted to the smooth arrangement of Muslim rule in Spain. 

Notable among them are: Khatib-us-Jisam, Sahib-ul-Asgal etc. Khatib-us-Jissam was in charge of overseeing the affairs of non-Muslims. And Sahib-ul-Asgal used to perform revenue related functions. The head of the judiciary is called Qazi-ul-Kujat. The position of qazi was considered much more honorable in the Spanish Umayyad regime. It should be noted that there were a significant number of Christian citizens in Spain at that time. The Muslim Umayyad dynasty of Spain showed considerable generosity towards the religion of the Christians. Because they knew that it would not be possible for them to rule for long if the local people did not accept the foreign conquering power as the ruler. Therefore, after the conquest of Spain by the Muslims, the Christians were given full freedom to practice their religion there. Provincial Governance: Wali, Surat and Muhtasib were among those who were in charge of governing the province. Among them, Wali was in charge of governing the country. Sahib-us-Surata was in charge of the police department. He was given a lot of power to control the police administration properly. And Muhtasib was in charge of the municipal police. One of his responsibilities was to observe the market, the weight and the character of the people.

The features of the Umayyad Empire

The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani

The Fatimids Khilafat in North Africa (909-1171 AD)

City of Alexandria: Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt and is the largest seaport in the city. The ancient name of this city was Raketish. Alexander founded the city of Alexandria around 334 BC. Alexander the Great was to establish the city of Neucrates in Egypt in order to establish his position in the Greek-Nile Valley.

Took the initiative. Alexander left Egypt, laying the foundations of this city. After Alexander's death, conflicts arose between different generals over his vast kingdom. After coming to power, Ptolemy helped develop the city. He established a library and museum in Alexandria. Over time, Alexandria became a vast city, and within a century, Alexandria became the largest city in the world. Became a city. In 619 AD, the Persian army occupied a large part of Egypt. General of Persia Shahrbaraj and Shahin first captured the important city of Alexandria in this expedition. In 641 AD, the Arab Muslim general Amr ibn al-As occupied Egypt. At that time, after 14 months of siege, to the Arab armies. Alexandria falls. Since then, Alexandria has been under the control of Arab-Egyptian forces for a long time. The city of Alexandria was later ruled by the Turks.

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