Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)

Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)

Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)

Military Expedition, Administration, Character and Achievement of Muawiyah (Rh) (661-680 AD) Dynasty and Early Life Muawiyah, son of Abu Sufyan, was the founder of the Umayyad dynasty. He was born in 606 AD in the Umayyad dynasty of the Qurai dynasty. His mother Hinda chewed the raw heart of Amir Hamza, the uncle of the Prophet (saas) who was martyred in the battle of Uhud. Like his father, he had long been a bitter enemy of Islam. He set out to destroy the Muslims in the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. Mecca in 830 AH, 830 AH. After the conquest, he converted to Islam along with his father Abu Sufyan and other members of Banu Umayyah and devoted himself to the service of Islam. The Prophet (peace be upon him) hired him as a personal assistant to write the revelation. Both by the Prophet (peace be upon him) marrying Mu'awiyah's son Umm Habiba Ramalah bint Abu Sufyan. Family relationships are closer. Muawiyah's political career began during the reign of Hazrat Omar, the second caliph of Islam. His brother Yazid. When bin Abu Sufyan died in the battle of Yarmouk, he gained control of Syria. In a very short period of time, he gained the confidence and admiration of Hazrat Omar (ra) for his hard work and skill in governing. Hazrat Omar. He was appointed ruler of Damascus in 638 AD. During the reign of Caliph Osman, he became the ruler of the whole of Syria. During this time he resisted the Byzantine invasion of Syria and occupied Cyprus. Does. Muawiyah demonstrated special skills in governing Syria and in conducting wars and diplomatic activities with the Raemans. In this context, historian von Kramer said, "The political attitude of Muawiyah towards the immediate successors of Heracleus was indeed worthy of a consummate statesman." He formed a small navy with the permission of Caliph Osman (ra). As governor, he is Syrian. Be able to gain the minds and confidence of the people.

However, if he was dismissed during the time of Hazrat Ali (ra), it was up to the caliph to keep the position of Mayawiya intact. Get angry The quarrel between the two started centering on the murder of Hazrat Osman (ra). Later, the battle of Siffin between Khalifa Ali (ra) and Muawiyah centered on the assassination of Osman (ra). Occurs. Knowing that defeat in the war was certain, Muawiyah resorted to a tactic and through the mediation of Dumar. Diplomatic victory. He was able to establish his dominion over the whole of Syria and Egypt. When Hazrat Ali (ra) was killed by the Kharijite community in 61 AD, Muawiyah deprived Imam Hasan of the caliphate. Khulafa ended the era of Rashedin and established the Umayyad dynasty. The acquisition of his caliphate marked the beginning of a new chapter in the history of Islam and the history of the Muslim world. On the ruins of Khulafa Rashedin, monarchy was introduced instead of Islamic democracy. Historian William Moore says, "The ascension of Muawiyah to the throne of Damascus marks the end of the caliphate and the beginning of the monarchy." During the reign of Muawiyah, the Umayyad empire became strong and powerful and spread far and wide. The dynasty he founded was 90 years from 61-650 AD. Represents the Muslim world.

Top popular Raemans entered the Islamic State

The reason for the imposition of military rule

Different steps of Muawiyah Capital transfer

Muawiyah, the founder of the Umayyad dynasty, was an experienced ruler and a skilled diplomat. He was adept at keeping pace with time and circumstances. To keep himself safe he commits sin anywhere. Do not hesitate to do. In 61 AD, Mu'awiyah deprived Imam Hasan (ra) of his right to the caliphate and ascended the throne of the Islamic Empire, Damascus. He became a Muslim immediately after taking power. From Kufa, the capital of Jahan, the heart of the Umayyad dynasty moved to Damascus. 

The reasons for the relocation of the capital to Damascus were

Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)

The possibility of gaining the support of the Umayyads in Syria, the advantage of supervising the administrative affairs, the betrayal of the people of Kufa, and so on. 

The Economic inequality towards East Pakistan was the most important

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

Suppression of Kharijite Rebellion 

Suppression of Kharijite rebellion was a notable event during Muawiyah's rule. After gaining the caliphate, Muawiyah was the first to use all his power to suppress the Kharijite rebellion. Dumatal denies Jandal's verdict that a group of soldiers abandoned Khalifa Ali (ra) and declared rebellion, known in history as the Kharijites. In the battle of Nahrawan the Kharijites were defeated by Hazrat Ali (ra) and dispersed. During Muawiyah's rule, they reunited and began to resist, and were able to establish dominance in Iraq by occupying Kaldia. Is. Muawiyah suppressed them harshly. He tried to stop the anarchy by taking punitive measures against the troublemakers in Basra, Ahwaz and other places. As a result, the Kharijites returned to their homes. Is forced to take.

Beer defeated Fatimi's representative Ibn Jafar and captured Damascus. Al-Aziz sent his chief of staff, Jawhar al-Killis, to Syria against Haftakin with a strong army to solve the problem. Although Haftakin did not receive the promised help of his pro-Karamatians, he resisted the Fatimid forces and forced General Jawahar to retreat to Asqala. Jawahar made peace with Haftakin at this stage. The condition of the treaty was that Jawahar would compensate him for the war and Jawahar and his general would go under his sword. According to the signed agreement, Jawahar's forces met the forces of the Caliph who came to their aid on their way back home. They later defeated and captured Haftakin and took him to Cairo. However, Khalifa Aziz gave him a warm welcome and gave him due respect, remembering his (Haftakin's) heroism. 

Suppression of the Barbers: During the rule of Al-Aziz, the Barbers also declared rebellion. The caliph of the barbarians did not seem to trust Mattei. So Khulifa formed a bodyguard force with the help of Turkish prisoners instead of the barbarians to make the barbarians power. He appointed Bir Shrestha Haftakin as the commander of this force. Haftakin served as the force's chief until his death in 972. Al-Aziz thus took action against the rebellious barbarians. 

Introduction of Persian style: Wealth and splendor reached its peak during the reign of Caliph Al-Aziz. He was the first to introduce a luxurious and luxurious lifestyle in Egypt. His court was decorated in Persian style. Senali cloth turbans and gold-plated weapons were imported. He had a special fondness for expensive and scarce goods. He once bought a Persian curtain for 12,000. 

Revenue: Ibn al-Kallis, Al-Aziz's privileged minister, sincerely reformed the fiscal system. Bribery and bribery were strictly prohibited during Al-Aziz's rule. He pays every employee. Arranged to give. Thus he filled the treasury by reforming the revenue sector. 

  Education and Culture

Al-Aziz was a staunch supporter of science. He himself was well-educated and eloquent. He was fluent in Arabic, Sadani and many other languages. He could compose beautiful poems in Arabic. In literature. He had a strong passion. He was proficient in composing succulent short poems. He is a priceless and rare book. Used to collect. He was quite fond of fine arts. His palace had such an eye-catching collection. His. One of the most notable contributions he made was turning Al-Azhar Mosque into a university. Its library.

Was very rich. It is said that the library was equipped with about two lakh books.

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