Publicity and service to humanity were the main features of Caliph Omar

Publicity and service to humanity were the main features of Caliph Omar

Publicity and service to humanity were the main features of Caliph Omar

He forgot the group, personal or group interests and considered the welfare of the empire and religion as a royal decree. He used to give more priority to the service of the people of the conquered kingdom than to conquer the kingdom. For this reason, he dismissed the corrupt, incompetent and biased rulers. He fired Yazid bin Muhallib, the ruler of Kharasan, for embezzling money, and dismissed Al-Hur, the ruler of Spain, for corruption. Forgetting the Himalayan-Mudariya, Arab-non-Arab differences, Wali tried to negotiate. The appointment of Adi bin Artat as Basra, Hamid bin Abdur Rahman as Kufar and Jabir bin Abdullah as Wali of Kharasan was an excellent example of this. The kindness and partiality of Kona could not deviate Omar from his duty. 

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

The Meanwhile a confrontation between Mukhtar

The Military rule of 1956

Kindness to the descendants of Ali (ra)

From the time of Muawiyah, during the reign of Umayyads, it was customary to curse Hazrat Ali (ra) and his descendants during the Friday prayer sermon. Caliph Omar II abolished this evil practice and instructed that Instead of being cursed, one should pray for generosity, forgiveness and attraction of the people towards the benefactor. His Hashemite policy was unique. He also gave back to the descendants of Muhammad (pbuh) a garden called 'Fidak' which was forcibly taken away from him during the time of Marwan. Besides, he abandoned the policy of partiality by returning all the wealth acquired during the reign of Abdul Malik to the Hashemites. 

Generosity towards heterosexuals

Omar, the epitome of generosity and generosity, is a principle of equality for all, irrespective of race, religion Established. His kingdom was inhabited by Arab Muslims, Mawlawi Christians and hostages. He is the synagogue of the Jews

He returned the Giza to the river, the fire temple of the Persians, and other shrines, and helped to finance the reformation. Moreover, by reducing the annual tax from 2,000 pieces to 200 pieces of clothing, he gave them prosperity. During his reign a new church was built in Saracea and the occupied spices. Is returned.

Mawali policy: Non-Arab neo-Muslims are called Mawali. P. K. Hitti said, "Next below the Arabian Moslems came the Neo-Moslems." In war. In order to get rid of the non-Muslims, the jizya tax would be levied on them. As a result, the group would embrace Islam and the jizya would be reduced. Jizyah abolished taxes. 

Kharijite policy: Caliph Omar II was also sympathetic to the Kharijites, the worst enemy of the Umayyad dynasty. Due to his attitude towards the Kharijites, the Kharijites sent a delegation led by Asim to acknowledge the allegiance of the caliph, but they did not hesitate to take up arms to overthrow the previous caliphs.

Reforms of Khalifa Omar

Publicity and service to humanity were the main features of Caliph Omar

Bay was persuasive. Religious Reform He was more concerned with the propagation of Islam than the expansion of the state of Caliph Omar II. Early improvement is possible. He also thought that Allah did not send His Messenger (peace be upon him) as a tax collector, but as a religion Sent as a promoter of His policy was that whoever converted to Islam would be exempted from paying jizya

On the basis of this, he will be equal to the Muslims and will be entitled to all kinds of opportunities. On the basis of this principle, according to the Muslims, all taxes are waived from the Mawalis. He is a true Muslim. Was not orthodox. Once the governor of Kharasan was less circumcised to test the faith of the newly converted Muslims. Provided. Aware of this, 

Top popular Raemans entered the Islamic State

sanctity of Medina was destroyed

Caliph Omar instructed the governor

"Muhammad (pbuh) was sent to call people to the true religion, not to be circumcised." As a result of his religious liberal policy, places like Masha, Nishapur, Kharasan, Khawarizm etc. became the center of Islamic education and civilization. Revenue Reforms: As a result of the religious policy of Omar II, the number of neo-Muslims increased and there was a deficit in the revenue sector. In order to fill this gap, he negotiated a stable fiscal policy with the scholars of Medina. It is said that the revenue policy adopted by Hajjaj was more successful than the revenue reform system. Muslims are Kharaj Part would pay revenue As a result, the state is half deprived. So first he agreed with the ulama of Medina.

Hopefully, on January 2, 1492, Granada will be handed over to the Christian rulers. Does. As a result, the long 60-year history of Muslim civilization, culture and authority in Spain came to a head, with Christians being slaughtered by Muslims and Spain being turned into a slaughterhouse. From 1492 to 1810, they expelled about 3 million Muslims from Spain.

Development of Civilization and Culture in Muslim Spain From 1111 to 1492 AD, Muslims made outstanding contributions to the culture and civilization of Spain. Historian Hittite 1601A, "Moslem Spain wrote one of the brightness chapters in the intellectual history of medieval Europe." Muslims put their talents in different branches of science.

Transformed into one of the most prosperous and contemporary cities in Spain by Abdur Rahman I, the founder of the Umayyad Emirate, and his successors. This beautiful and protected city was 24 miles long, 8 miles wide and 14 miles wide and had a population of 1 million. Sewerage and street lighting were provided in this city. Historian Draper said, "After sunset, a pedestrian could walk 10 miles with the help of street lights. But seven hundred years later, there were no government lights in any corner of London." At that time the capital had 300 mosques, 100 palaces, 113,000 houses and 360 baths, 50 hospitals, 26 unpaid educational institutions and numerous libraries. 901-198 AD) and his disciple Al-Zubaidi (928-1989) became famous as a grammarist and linguist. Ibn Hazm was the author of 'Tawq al-Hamama' and 'Al-Jasal, Al-Nihal'. Ibn Rushd was one of the greatest natural philosophers of all time. Ibn al-Arabi was a talented philosopher. Astrology: Determining the deviation and its motion, pendulum clocks, watches and the first observatories in Europe, Al-Majriti, Al-Jarkali, Ibn Afala, Al-Biruji was a famous Spanish astronomer. 

Medicine: Chickens have also made wonderful contributions to medicine. Ibn Haysam, the father of modern optics, was the first to discover that the retina, the membrane surrounding the eyeball, was the main source of vision. Ibn. Zahur was the greatest physician. Ibn Hazm and Ibn Isha wrote books on medicine. "The medical advances that have taken place in the hundreds of years since Galen, Andalusia's doctors and weapons," said Lenpool. It is enriched by the discoveries of physicians. "

30 Agriculture and Botany

Poultry build land distribution, allocation of revenue, irrigation and dams to increase agricultural production. They invented siphons, water-lifting systems. Ibn al-Qutiya was one of the best historians in Spain. He was the best historian in Spain. Al-Andalus became famous for his books Al-Bakri, the author of Al-Masalik wal Mamalik, and Ibn Khaldun and Al-Idrisi, the authors of Kitab al-Ibar.

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