The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

Declared that after 100 AH (618-19 AD) non-Muslims sold land to Muslims. He did not say that the neo-Muslims would be able to retain their ancestral lands and relinquish them as per the previous rules.

Muslims will not be able to buy taxable land anywhere. He strongly instructed the employees to regularize the collection of more raw jizya. Deficit revenue too

He urged the wealthy of the Ya dynasty to accumulate additional wealth in the government treasury. He left only 200 dirhams and deposited the rest of his property in the government treasury. His aunt instructed Fatima to deposit the pearl-studded ornaments received from her parents in the Baitulmal. His. As a result of this policy, the risk of loss in terms of revenue is eliminated. 

The Adopting next year's program for political progress

The English set up a trading post at Surat

Beneficial Functions

Caliph Omar II considered the development of the agrarian system essential for the development of the state. So he made arrangements to determine the correct rent through land survey. He arranges the census and his. Many bridges and roads were built in time. As a result, economic development of the country took place.

Character and Achievements of Omar bin Abdul Aziz Khalifa Omar bin Abdul

How Many historians have commented when Imam Hasan

Compilation of Chadis Shastra

Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz achieved success by compiling Hadith Shastra. With the death of the Companions, he officially took steps to compile the hadiths of the Prophet (peace be upon him) for fear of distortion and extinction. In this unique step of his, the hadiths of the Prophet (peace be upon him) still exist in the country today. 

Foreign policy: Caliph Omar II believed in peaceful coexistence. Due to this important military operations were not sent to any corner during his reign. He preferred state rule to state expansion. That is why in the expedition led by Maslama the troops at the foot of the wall of Constantinople were brought back and all the expeditions were stopped. He did not stop campaigning abroad because of the weakness of the military, but focused on bringing stability to the state and propagating Islam. Nevertheless, during his tenure, military operations were sent to France. In order to establish peace in Spain, al-Hur was replaced by al-Hur, and Alsamah was appointed ruler. He did his best to establish peace and order in the state. Al-Samah arranged a land survey in Spain and determined the kharaj. There he carried out public works by digging canals, building bridges and highways. He built the famous mosque of Saragasa. 

Fifth Caliph of Islam: Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz is called the fifth caliph of Khulafa Rashedin in the history of Islam. According to Imam Shafi'i and Imam Sawri (ra), he was Rashedin in the fifth caliphate. The reasons why he can be awarded this rare title

He ruled the state in Khulafa Rashedin's democratic liberalism. 

He re-established the Islamic Sharia as a state. a szomste roimebomonging 

He rescued Baitulmal from the clutches of the rulers and turned it into the property of the people. 5. He used to get a small amount from Baitulmal, that is, only two dirhams per day. He and his family lived a very simple and unpretentious life. . He ruled according to the ideology of Khalifa Omar (ra). He was Righteous caliph.He also sells all kinds of jewelery to his wife Fatima and deposited the money in the treasury. He always thought of the welfare of the people and was devoted to Islam. For all these reasons, in the heart of the Muslim Ummah, he has gained the status of the fifth caliph of Islam, that is, the caliph Rashedin. 

Death of Omar bin Abdul Aziz

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

Caliph Omar II, who had been in power for only two years and six months (617-620 AD), died on 19 February 620 AD in a place called Dayar Siman in the province of Hims. 

Whether he was responsible for the downfall of the Umayyad dynasty

Whether he was responsible for the downfall of the Umayyad dynasty. There is disagreement among historians. According to many historians, the policy pursued by Caliph Omar II hastened the fall of the Umayyads. According to them, as a result of the liberal rule of Omar II, the Abbasid dynasty, Ali. (Ra.) The dynasty and the Kharijites get the opportunity to save energy. The Mawalis have the same state privileges as the Arabs and have the privilege of dominating the Arabs. Many believe that as a result of his religious policy, many Barbarians, Persians and non-Muslims have embraced Islam for financial gain without being fascinated by the beauty of Islam. This weakened the financial base of the empire. Omar II shunned imperialist policies. That is why many question his military weakness. But the allegations against him are correct. Because if his principles were followed after his death, then the descendants of Ali (ra) and Abbasids. It is not easy to get angry and the anti-Umayyad movement did not gain popularity. Thus, although he was somewhat responsible for the downfall of the Umayyad dynasty, he was not solely responsible for the downfall of the Islamic State.

The second alternate meeting was held in London in 1931 after the G-Irwin Pact

The rule and social system of the Sultanate period

Causes of the Fall of Muslim Spain First

 The small Spanish dynasties were mainly Yemeni, Syrian, Sudanese, Himalayan and Barbarian. Them. Interpersonal conflict helps to fall. Second, the post-Hakam rulers were weak. There was also disunity in their armies, which led to their downfall. Thirdly, the last rulers lived a luxurious life. They get drunk and have fun in the harem. Lived. On the one hand, it leads to moral decay, on the other hand, it brings about the financial crisis of the state. It is said that Amr Abadan al-Mujahideen, the ruler of Seville, had 600 slaves in his harem. Fourth, the geographical adversity of Spain made it difficult for the rulers to suppress the invasions of North Africa, the invasions of the Fatimids in Egypt, the invasions of the Christians in France, and the rebellions in remote parts of Spain. 

Fifth: In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Christians were able to dominate different parts of Spain. At the same time, the movement of Omar bin Hafsun paved the way for the spread of Christian domination in Spain.

        The fall of Spain

 The last fortress of Muslim rule in Spain is the fortified Thanada fort. This kingdom, founded by Ibn al-Ahsar, ruled Spain for two and a half centuries. To expel Muslims from Spain. Run formed the state Castile and Aragon alliance. Queen Isabella of Castile and Aragon in 1489

When Sardinand is married, their strength is renewed. PK Hitty said, "This union struck! He noted the doom for Muslim power in Spain," meaning that the union would end Muslim rule in Spain.

There were bells. "

Sultan Ali Abu Al-Hassan of the Nasir family in Granada attacked Castile in retaliation. Ferdinand captured the city of Al-Hamra in 1482. Bayabdil (Abdullah), son of Ali Abu Al-Hasan. Al-Hamra recaptured it, invaded the Christian kingdom in 1483, and was defeated and taken prisoner. In 1492, Isabella and Ferdinand besieged Granada with a large army and cut off water and supplies.

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