The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani

The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani

The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani

Tablishment of Umayyad Khilafat Umayyad Palm. The Umayyads were a member of a branch of the Quraish dynasty. Abdul Mannaf had three sons. 

 Abdus Shams 

2. Hashim

3. Muttalib

Umayya was the son of Das Shams. The Umayyad dynasty was named after him. Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Prophet (peace be upon him), was the son of Hashim, the son of Abdul Mannaf. Hashim's name is 2 nars. Umayya was his cousin. Umayyad's father Abdus Shams handed over the maintenance of the Kaaba to his companion. This angered his son Umayya. As a result uncle-nephew Hashim-Umaiya. Relationships deteriorate, which leads to divisions in the gaitra. However, from the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the early days of Khulafa Bashedin, this conflict was not observed. But later this conflict came to the fore towards the end of Hazrat Osman (ra); Which came to light through the battle of Hazrat Ali (ra) and Muawiyah Siffin.

When Nasiruddin Muhammad died in 1394 AD, his son Humayun succeeded

the second election under Ayub Khan in 1974 made Ayub Khan a scapegoat


Establishment of Khilafah

The empire founded by Muawiyah is known as the Umayyad Empire. The long ninety-year dynasty from 61-650 AD represented the Muslim world. The dynasty was established in 61 AD after the diplomatic defeat and death of Hazrat Ali (ra) in the arbitration of Dumatul Jundal and the abdication of the caliphate of his son Hazrat Hasan (ra). The main feature of this caliphate is in the Muslim world instead of the Islamic republic and democracy of Khulafa Rashedin. The first was the introduction of a Hereditary Monarchy. Muawiyah, the founder of this dynasty, established a dynastic monarchy by appointing his eldest son Yazid as his successor. Thus democracy. Instead, Muawiyah axed the roots of Islam's established electoral system by introducing the nomination system. After the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate, all of the 14 rulers of this dynasty except Omar II or Omar bin Abdul Aziz. The caliph had worldly power. In the words of the historian Arnond, "the religious community in Mecca and Medina, influenced by the Prophet's original tradition, felt that instead of preserving the religiosity and unadulterated simplicity of the Prophet and his Companions, Mu'awiya transformed the caliphate into a sovereign state characterized by pomp and luxury." 


That is to say, although the basic ideals, principles and discipline of the Islamic rule of Khulafa Rashedin remained intact, due to the expansion of the empire during the Umayyad period, Muslims came in contact with non-Muslim kingdoms and their religious ideologies and lost the Islamic tradition, religious consciousness and independence. Unrighteousness in the name of religion, dishonesty instead of honesty, kinship instead of neutrality became the hallmarks of the Umayyad period. Establishment of hereditary monarchy instead of Islamic democracy Instead of holding elections, he did this. Historian Muir said, “Muawiyah The Umayyad Caliphate has its own characteristics.



The following is the introduction of Islamic monarchy

The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani


Khulafaye Rashed after the death of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH)He was elected caliph by the people in that manner. But Muawiyah, the founder of the Umayyad dynasty, succeeded his son Yazid in the dynasty instead of Islamic democracy.

And Amir-Umrah. From then on, the rulers started appointing heirs as per their wishes. The introduction of the nomination system, which used to swear allegiance to the nominees by the parishioners, was an ax to grind at the very core of Islamic democracy. Tradition of sitting on the throne of Damascus marks the end of the caliphate and the beginning of the monarchy.


Decline of Caliphate: When Muawiyah introduced the monarchy, Khulafaye Rashedin, the representative of the Umayyad regime, was deprived of his political position. He was considered as the inheritor of worldly power instead of politics. Khulafate. The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa adopted the religious and worldly rule of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) as the norm. 



However, after the fall of Rashedin in Khulafa 

The Umayyad period became addicted to various forms of corruption which tainted the state and public life. Along with the worldly dignity of the caliph, religious dignity began to increase.

 

Historian von Kramer said: "The luxuries at the court of the caliphs were unrestricted, for the first time. It was the opposite. "When the Tantra was introduced, the Umayyad rulers belonged to Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) Deprived of. The Umayyad caliphs were earlier religions.


Whether he was responsible for the fall of the Fatimid caliphate. Whether or not he is responsible for the fall of the Fatimid caliphate, the historian Khalifa al-Aziz has been widely blamed for the fall of the Fatimid caliphate. However, his sympathy for the Jews and Christians did not go down well with the later rulers. The Turkish bodyguards, formed to suppress the barbarians, later became arbitrary, hastening the fall of the Fatimid dynasty. The real power rested in the hands of the Amir-umrah as he made his minor son Al-Hakim his successor. Thus the Fatimid rulers once became their puppet. For these reasons, Caliph Aziz can be blamed for the downfall of the Fatimid dynasty. Al-Hakim, 996-1021 AD (Al-Hakim, 996-1021 AD). Ascended the throne at the age of. Ibn Ammar al-Hakim was crowned with pearls

29, "Hail to Commander of faithfull with the mercy of Allah and His blessings" n o 1 He was born in Cairo. He was the first Katemi caliph to be born and raised in Egypt. At the age of 8, he was nominated by Aziz.


As May was young, he did not have real power until 998-1001 AD. At that time Barjawan was the real owner. Barzawan was the caliph's tutor, leader of the Turkish party and treasurer. Barzawan ruled as a representative of honesty. Barzawan soon became more powerful by defeating and killing General Amr in a skirmish. It was not tolerated by the adult caliph who then assassinated Barzawan with the help of assassins and took power himself. Hakim was the owner of a complex financial situation, there is talk of mental imbalance about him. 

Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)

Most of conquest of Spain by the Arabs was a very significant event


Under the tutelage of Ibn Ammar

 As the tutor of Caliph Al Hakim, Ibn Ammar is politically ambitious. Became. He tried to usurp all the powers by keeping the office of the Secretary of State in his hands. He took the title of Amin Uddaullah. He adopted the ideal of secularism by withdrawing all kinds of religious orders from the Fatimids. Does. Under his influence, Barzwan conspired and invited the Turkish governor of Damascus, Manjutakin, to occupy Egypt. When Manjutakin and Barzwan formed an alliance and advanced towards Cairo, Ibn Ammar sent an army led by Sulaiman bin Jafar. Sulaiman bin Jafar defeated Manjutakin and brought him to the royal court. In order to subdue the Turkish nation, Ibn Ammar pardoned Manjutakin and appointed him governor of Damascus. To repel the Greek invasion, Suleiman bin Jafar sent his elder brother Ali to Damascus and himself to Tiberias. When the Damascus people refused to accept Ali, Ali became angry and killed many people and looted. Solomon arrives in Damascus to calm the situation and forgive the townspeople. Sulaiman then fired Jayash, the rebel governor of Tripoli, and Jayash joined Barzwan's party. Caliph al-Hakim under the tutelage of Barzwan: At this time riots broke out between the barbarians and the Turks in Cairo. At this critical juncture, Ibn Ammar was forced to retire. As a result, Barzwan took over the guardianship of Caliph Al Hakim. Barzwan was the caliph's tutor, leader of the Turkish party and treasurer. Barzwan appointed Jayash as governor of Syria. When Sulayman bin Jafar stopped Jayash militarily, Jayash defeated and captured Sulayman and sent him to Cairo. Jayashir came forward to help Mufaraj Sulaiman, the governor of Damascus. Surrendered in fear. Jayash invited all the rebel intellectuals to his house and killed them. Barzwan was prime minister and al-Hakim's guardian for about three and a half years. He tactfully established Turkish dominance in the royal court. Barzwan used to call the caliph Lizard because of his disability. Caliph al-Hakim called him and said, "Six reptiles have turned into dragons and want to eat you." Abul Fazl Raidan killed Barzwan at the behest of the caliph's secret.


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