Yazid (60-73 AD) and Imam Husain (R.)

Yazid (60-73 AD) and Imam Husain (R.)

Yazid (60-73 AD) and Imam Husain (R.)

Battle of Karbala and the importance of Yazid and Imam Husayn (Rh.) Battle of Karbala and its importance. Agreement executed with He appointed his son Yazid as his successor. Yazid caliphate in 60 AD after Muawiyah's death. Hold on. While Muawiyah was alive, Yazid was favored by various provincial governors and dignitaries. With the advent of Yazid's rule, the democratic practice of electing a caliph came to an end. Occurs, Ubh is monarchy. The inhabitants of Mecca and Medina refused to accept his rule. Yazid sent letters to those who refused to show allegiance to him, demanding allegiance. The sons of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hazrat Omar (ra) denied allegiance to Yazid and according to the treaty made with Muawiyah. The just claimant of the caliphate supported the claim of Imam Husain (ra), the grandson of Hazrat Muhammad (sa) and the son of Hazrat Ali (ra). On the other hand, Abdullah ibn Zubayr did not express his desire for Husain bin Ali (ra) even though he hoped to gain the caliphate. He refused allegiance to Yazid and left Medina for Makkah.

Controversy of Imam Husain (as) with Yazid 

During Yazid's ascension to power, three persons appeared as claimants to the caliphate. They are Yazid, Imam Husain (R) and Abdullah bin Zubair. Although they withdrew due to the situation in Zubayr, there was a power struggle between Yazid, the son of Muawiyah, and Imam Husayn, the son of Ali (ra). Imam Husain (as) was pious, just, generous, humble, honest and sincere. On the other hand, Muawiyah's son Yazid. He was sinful, oppressive, unprincipled, drunk and cruel in nature. This characteristic inequality is between the two. The main reason for the conflict was. As a result, the granting of caliphate to the grandson of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in Mecca and Medina is justified.

Public opinion was formed and by reviving the Islamic Republic, the supporters of Hatamat Ali (ra) began to support Imam Husain (ra) against the ungodly Yazidis. The people of Kufa became impatient with the rule of the corrupt, oppressive and sinful Yazidis and declared rebellion and sided with Imam Husain (as) for their own interests. They are in the caliphate of Imam Husain (RA) Kee wants to occupy the caliphate. Meanwhile, Abdullah ibn Zubayr requested the Imam to respond to the invitation of the people of Kufa with the intention of becoming the caliph. To this end, Imam Husain (ra) sent Muslim bin Aqeel to observe the state of Kufr. Does. The people of Kufa promised to help the Muslims and requested Husain (ra) to come to Kufa. In the meanwhile, the fickle and treacherous people of Kufa sided with Obaidullah bin Zia. Obaidullah bin Ziad killed Muslim and his bodyguard. The Battle of Karbala.

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There are two main reasons for the Battle of Karbala

Yazid (60-73 AD) and Imam Husain (R.)

First, the treaty by Muawiyah and second, the opposition to the Yazid Caliphate. In addition to these two reasons, there were other reasons behind it. The reasons for the battle of Karbala are discussed in detail below

Breaking of Muawiyah Treaty

Muawiyah's treachery and treachery is one of the reasons for the Battle of Karbala. An agreement was signed between Hazrat Ali (ra) and Muawiyah in 60 AD; The main condition of which was that both of them would not invade any other territory except the rule in their respective parts. But after the death of Ali (ra), Mu'awiyah violated the conditions and attacked Kufa and defeated Imam Hasan (ra) and made a treaty with him. According to the agreement, Imam Hussein (ra) will be in power after Muawiyah (ra). But in 69 AD, Muawiyah broke that treaty and appointed the wicked, evil Yazid as his successor. In all respects, Imam Husain (as) was a just claimant to the caliphate. So he refused to accept Yazid as caliph. According to historian Von Kramer, "it is really incomprehensible to historians to consider Muawiyah's wise and prudent father to inherit his unworthy, sinful son." Opposition to Yazid's Caliphate Protested and protested. He is determined to wage jihad to uphold the ideals of Islamic democracy. In this, the then Muslim world became sympathetic towards Imam Hussain (RA). The general public was encouraged to unite under the leadership of Imam Husain (as) in the spirit of making a religious spiritual leader the head of state. On the other hand, the people of Makkah, Medina and Kufa also opposed Yazid and declared Imam Husain (as) as Caliph.

Initial Problems Ascended the throne, Al-Mu'izz traveled throughout the empire and gained a better understanding of the state of the country. He then adopted a well-thought-out plan and firm policy for the establishment of peace. As a result, the rebel leaders of the empire were forced to submit to him. Gaetrapradhan and provincial rulers also acknowledged his allegiance. In 929, Abdur Rahman III proclaimed himself caliph of Spain. As a result, with the Fatimids. The Umayyads clashed. Al-Maghrib became a completely safe area for the Fatimids after the occupation of Ceuta on the African coast. As a result, the Umayyads withdrew from Ceuta and were satisfied with the Spanish-centric regime. At this time, another general of Muiz, Sanhaj Netajiri, occupied the Umayyad colony of Fez, Sijilmasa, etc. Thus al-Mu'izz was able to establish the Fatimid dominance in North Africa. Greek occupation of the island of Crete: In 955, a group of Fatimid caliphs sailed for Morocco. The Umayyads seized it. The Fatimid navy led by Hasan bin Ali took revenge. Invades the coast of Spain. Umayyad generals also attacked Suba and surrounding areas in retaliation. The Greeks invaded the island of Crete on account of the conflict between the Fatimids and the Umayyads, and in 961 Crete came under Greek control.

When Nasiruddin Muhammad died in 1394 AD, his son Humayun succeeded

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      Conquest of Sicily

 In 96 AD, under the command of Caliph al-Mu'izz, his famous general Ahmed Ibn Hasan defeated the Greeks and brought the island of Sicily under the control of the Fatimids. There he introduced Islamic rule. As a result, the island of Sicily prospered in a short time. Many schools, colleges and industries were established there. The medical university in the capital, Palma, competed with the universities in Baghdad. "The loss of the island of Crete was partially offset by the Sicilian occupation by ousting the Byzantine rulers," said Syed Amir Ali.

The Causes of the Conquest of Egypt Egypt was originally located at the junction of Asia, Africa and Europe. Egypt's geographical, political, economic and military importance was immense.

Character and Achievements of Muiz Al-Muiz ruled the Fatimid kingdom for 23 long years as a successful ruler. Overall. Judging by this, al-Mu'izz's reign can be described as the golden age of Egyptian history. Below is his character. And achievements are discussed-

Character of 01 Muiz

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