The rule and social system of the Sultanate period

The rule and social system of the Sultanate period

The rule and social system of the Sultanate period

Administration and Social System of Sultanate Period Governance. During the Sultanate period, the system of government of the Sultanate was divided into two parts. A central government, Anaki. Provincial governance. The sultans were the source of real power of the sultanate and they established a dictatorial dictatorship. As chief of staff, chief justice and legislator, the sultan was the head of the administrative structure. The stability of the state depended on the efficiency of the military. During the Sultanate period, conflicts often arose over the throne due to lack of inheritance policy. The Sultanate regime had two limitations. First, the influence and prestige of the Muslim elite; Second, the opposition of the ulama and the armed rebellion. Central Administration System: During the Sultanate period, in order to strengthen the central government, a number of departments were created and trusted, skilled, experienced staff were appointed. They formed Majlis-i-Khalwat or consultation meetings to seek the advice of the elite. The state problem is to accept their advice for Macabela but their advice. The Sultan was not obliged to implement it. The consultation meeting was divided into two parts, namely, Bar-i-Khas, meaning the special or higher advisory council, to accommodate the aristocracy of the Amir, Malik and Khan factions, and Bar-i-Am, or the General Consultative Room, where the Sultan acts as the judge. He listened to complaints and gave verdicts. Dewan-i-Ujrat: In the central administrative structure, the sultan was followed by the vizier or prime minister. As the administrative representative of the Sultan, he had direct powers and responsibilities over all the constitutions. Mainly the vizier. There were three types of procedures: (1) consultation, (2) civil governance, (3) layout of state revenue. The chief organ of the Majlis-i-Khalwat was the head of the Bar-i-Khas, and in administrative matters he assigned to the Sultan. Advised, although the decision was made by the Sultan himself. The vizier also supervised the functions of various central ministries and the officials were directly responsible to him. It was the duty of the vizier to provide salaries and allowances to the royal servants, scholarships to the scholars and intellectuals, and to provide assistance to the poor. In addition, he was in charge of the revenue department. Under him a Naib-i-Wazir 'or State Minister ran the Revenue Department. Moreover, there were more high-ranking government officials working in the revenue department. The structure is as follows

The heart of the city is with them but its words against

The reason for the imposition of military rule


Mushrif-i-Mamalik Mustaufi-i-Mamalik 

Naib Waqf 'Mushrif-i-Mamalik was the chief accountant,' Mustaufi-i-Mamalik 'was the Auditor General 'or' Accountant ',' Naib 'helped Musharraf collect revenue and keep accounts. The term ‘waqf’ was created for central supervision over local administrative staff. Jalaluddin Khalji created the terms 'Waqf' and Firaj Shah Tughlaq created the terms 'Mushrif' and 'Mustaofi'. The viziers had unlimited power in the Abbasid Caliphate, but not in the Sultanate of Delhi. They were only appointed by the Sultan and dependent on him. This is because the Sultan was the source of all power and he himself ruled the state. Used to During the reign of the Tughlaq dynasty, however, the rank of vizier increased but during the reign of Syed and Laedi. The position of vizier was devalued. He was appointed a vizier from among the influential and wealthy umrahs and played a special role in the central administration as an advisor and helper to the sultans. To the vizier. It is usually called 'Sadar-i-Ala', which was later changed to 'Khwaja-i-Jahan'.


Kawan-i-Kaaba and Dewan-i-Risalat. Delhi Salt

Later in the central administration of the Sultanate Dewan-i-Kaba or Justice. • Bar Supplementary Division and Lewan-e-Risalat or Appellate Division play important roles. Basically these two

Ram was included in the ministry. Dewan-i-Kaba-i Manalik's chief duty was to advise on religion. Caesar pays homage to the ulama. Less responsible for human organ head appellate division

Ray was responsible for advising the sultan on the Ahan, the proper application of the Shari'a, and hearing civil and feudal cases. Kahn-i-Insha: Dewan-i-Insha during the Sultanate period. The department had special responsibilities in preserving government documents, issuing edicts, exchanging letters and maintaining nightly confidential information. Dewan-i-Arz: During the Sultanate period, the military division was called Dewan-i-Arz. The head of this ministry. Was Arj-i-Mamalik. He holds a high position and is entrusted with the overall responsibility of military administration.

Dewan-i-Barid: The postal department was known as Dewan-i-Barid during the Sultanate period. The title of the head of this department was Barid-i-Mamalik. As a responsible minister, he was a close associate of the Sultan and of the Postal Department. He used to play an important role in exchanging news through proper format. Also all the sections that are more important. If it was 1. Dewan-i-Amir-Kohi-Agriculture Department. 2. Dewan-i-Mustakharaj-Unpaid Revenue Department. 3. Dewan-i-Khairat: Distribution Division. 4. Dewan-i-Istikak  Pension Department. 5. Dewan-i-Bandagan-Slave Division. . Dewan-e-Emarat-Purt Division. During the Sultanate period the central administration was cohesive and strong and due to the creation of different divisions appropriate arrangement was possible.

In addition, according to the historians, the names of all the other officials in the central government are mentioned. Amir-i-Majlis - Organizer for the Sultan's petition. . = 2. Amir-i-Shikar- Manager of Sultan's hunting. | 3 | Amir-i-Dad - Observer of public service activities. = 4. Wafil-i-Dar - Supervisor of royal affairs. | 5. Amir-i-Hajib is an official engaged in organizing royal ceremonies.

Naib-al-Mulkh- Sultan's royal representative. . Treasurer ৮ Kashi-e-Fauj- Military payroll. 1 factory principal. Principal of 10 mints. 19. Amir-i-Bahr or Commander-in-Chief.

sanctity of Medina was destroyed

A movement was formed for the purpose of protection


Provincial Administration Naib-i-Sultan

The rule and social system of the Sultanate period

During the reign of Sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq, the boundaries of the Sultanate were very wide. Conducting provincial administration. The other ‘Wali’ or ‘Governor’ was known as the Sultan’s representative. The whole state is divided into five provinces. Is. Each province was further subdivided into several districts or muktas and the shiks were subdivided into districts. The boundaries of the Sikdars were limited to a few miles. Sultanate of Delhi. It can be said with certainty during the rule that the provincial administration is just a reflection of the central government. The chief ruler of the province, or 'Naib Sultan', was an authoritarian ruler and, as the Sultan's representative, administered the military and civilian administration of the province strictly. During the Sultanate period, the province was a small autonomous region and the central structure was reflected in the provincial system of government. Recruitment, transfer, promotion, dismissal of all employees at the provincial level, establishment of Sharia law, preservation of Islamic customs, conduct of public welfare activities, supervision of functions of agriculture, military and revenue departments, establishment of justice. It was his duty and responsibility to provide allowances to the ulema and scholars. All provincials received from the province. After spending all the expenses of the government, it is deposited in the central treasury. After the governor, the assistant governor assisted in the administration and they were both appointed by the sultan. In the provincial system of government, the Governor was followed by the Revenue Secretary or Sahib-i-Diwan. The main responsibility of the military department under the provincial government was to form and maintain an army. The provincial army used to help the central government when needed. Army in the reign of Sultan Alauddin Khalji. Reorganizes and divides various opportunities. The central system is reflected in the provincial judiciary. According to the Central Postal Department, the postal department was established in the province. Provincial postal department official province. He used to send news quickly through the post office and post office. With the help of the neck mail, the employees are transferred and the luggage is sent. The efficiency of the postal department depended on the provision of wide and high quality roads and safety of all roads. During the Sultanate period, the system of neck reel was also prevalent. Among the historians Ramesh Majumder, Roy Chowdhury and Dutta on the functioning of the provincial government, said: Apart from the royal provinces, various parts of the state are ambitious. The Hindus were ruled by zamindars and as long as they sent taxes and gifts to Delhi, the central government would not interfere in their administration. 

The Economic inequality towards East Pakistan was the most important

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire


Despite some good achievements of the sultanate period 

The central and provincial system of government, it was completely flawless. That cannot be said. The sultanate was entirely dependent on military force, which was popular. Could not achieve. The sultans established dictatorships and the military forces based on feudalism were weakened. Unity and discipline are disrupted by Turkish, Arab, Egyptian, Abyssinian, Afghan and Hindu troops of various ethnic groups. The aristocracy of the state had the power to control the rise and fall of the Sultanate period. Social System of Sultanate Period. The place of women in the sultanate society was high. The practice of veil was prevalent in the society of that time. Towards Hindu society. No interference was allowed and they performed their religious rites without hindrance. Sultani society.


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