When Nasiruddin Muhammad died in 1394 AD, his son Humayun succeeded

When Nasiruddin Muhammad died in 1394 AD, his son Humayun succeeded

When Nasiruddin Muhammad died in 1394 AD, his son Humayun succeeded

Nationally, he axed the roots of the empire's stability by granting him the right to hereditary service in the army. This policy greatly hampered the capability and efficiency of his military. In fact, a lot of money was wasted on the maintenance of the slave trade created by him, which made the collapse of the empire inevitable. Fifth: The empire was weakened by the Sultan's abandonment of war strategy. As a result, Asunni fell into the trap of the Muslim and Hindu communities due to the predominance of ulama in the rule of Sultan Firaj Shah. Seventh: Abolishing the punishment of criminals increases corruption and corrupt employees are busy looting government funds. This weakens the financial base of the state. Although the above actions were not directly responsible for the downfall of the Tughlaq dynasty it accelerated the downfall of the dynasty. Successors of Firozshah Tughlok After the death of Sultan Firaj Shah, his grandson Ghiyasuddin Shah II succeeded him. But in 1389, he was defeated and killed by his cousin Abu Bakr's supporters. Then Abu Bakr ascended the throne. But he was soon dethroned by Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah, the youngest son of Firaj Shah Tughlaq. In a few days. He too fell to his death. In this situation Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah, son of Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah came to power. During his rule, internal rebellion and chaos took on extreme proportions. Taking advantage of this political anarchy, Taimur Long, the world's most feared Mangal leader, invaded India in 1396 AD. Taimur Lang's Invasion of India. Birth and early life: One of the world's most terrifying heroes, Taimur Long was born on April 9, 1338 in Samarkand, Central Asia. His father, Amir Turgai, was the leader of the Chaghtai Turks, and his mother, Takinah Khatun. After the death of his father, he became the leader of the Turks. He was long. But it is rare in history to have a strong military leader like Timur. In 1361, he ascended the throne of Samarkand and descended to Digvijaya to rebuild the empire of the Mangal hero Genghis Khan. In a short time, he conquered Central Asia, Persia, Syria, Iraq and other regions. He looked at India. There was no need for Tamur to make excuses for invading any country, his formidable military might being the only reason to start a war.

Image: Not like Taimur Long. World champion and conqueror Biy Taimur Long died on 19 February 1405 AD. His lifelong name is 'Tuzuk-i-Taimuri'.


The reason for Timur's invasion of India. There were various reasons behind Timur's invasion of India. First, he invaded India to destroy paganism. Second, India's incomparable wealth inspired Timur to invade India. Third, the chaotic political situation in the Indian subcontinent tempted him to invade India. Invasion of India: In 1398, Timur's grandson Pir Muhammad led the first expedition to India. Multan took possession. In the same year, Taimur himself crossed the Indus and entered the Punjab. He captured Bhatni fort in Punjab, killed many men and women and marched towards Delhi. On the way he went to Dipalpur, Sarsuti. Irony, Kaikhal, etc., conquered territories and appeared on the outskirts of Delhi. Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah. Tughlaq and his minister Mantra Iqbal had a huge army of 10,000 cavalry, 40,000 infantry and 125 elephants. He defeated Taimur and took refuge in Gujarat. At this opportunity, Timur is in Delhi. Entering, he hoisted his victory flag at the top of the Delhi fort. After 15 days of looting, killing and destruction, he turned Delhi into a crematorium and returned home. Before leaving, he conquered Khizir Khan. Handed over the reins.

The Incidents of the Indus Expedition Hajjaj bin Yusuf

The Fort William Doug is located in Kolkata


The result of the attack

Timur's invasion of India gave birth to a hellish event in history. His attack dealt a severe blow to the declining Delhi Sultanate. Aishwarya Prasad commented on the outcome of Taimur Lang's India expedition, "Tirmur's invasion caused widespread anarchy in Hindustan. The government at Delhi was completely paralyzed, and the vicinity of the capital as well as in the provinces of the empire, the greatest confusion prevailed." 27 That is, "Timur's invasion created long-term anarchy in India. The Delhi government became completely ineffective, in the vicinity of the capital; Even in the provinces of the empire. Gives. ” Historian VD Mahajan said, "Never before has there been so much tragedy inflicted on India in a single offensive." His attack was a curse of Bidhata. First, the capital city of Delhi was reduced to rubble by the invasion of Timur. Important in Delhi and Ajmer. The installations were also destroyed. Second, the invasion led to chaos, famine, and epidemics in northern India. All the symbols of the royal government became dynasties and roundabouts were created in the provinces. Historian Badauni said, “The city is completely destroyed and all the inhabitants who are left here die and a bird flies in Delhi for two whole months. Mela did not have the courage. " Thirdly, his attack caused great division and animosity between the Hindu and Muslim communities. Fourth, the attack resulted in the destruction of large buildings and factories in Dipalpur, Bhatni, Meerut, Delhi and Haridwar. Is destroyed. Fifth, the expedition led to the development of Indian art and culture in Persia through local artists. "Several thousand craftsmen and mechanics wel.


brought out of the city an

out of the city and were divided among the Princes, Amirs and Aghas, who had in the conquest. " Sometimes these artisans and artists

If it is distributed. ”


In the end, this invasion led to the demise of the Delhi Sultanate, the Tughlaq dynasty, and the rise of the Syed dynasty. Then the way was opened for the establishment of Mughal dynasty. Tayyab's invasion adds a history of tragic destruction to the history of the Indian subcontinent. Single work: Mention the rule of Sultan Firaj Shah Tughlaq. Dual work: Analyze the reasons for Taimur Long's invasion of India.


The Syed and Lodi Dynasty: Rise & Fall (1414-1526 AD) Syed dynasty (1414-1451 AD). The name of the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate is Syed Dynasty. The founder of this dynasty was Khizir Khan. The reign of Mate of this dynasty (1414-1451 AD) was 36 years. The number of sultans of this dynasty is four. According to Yahya bin Ahmad Sirhind, author of Tarikh-i-Mubarakshahi, Khizir Khan, the founder of this dynasty, was a descendant of the Prophet (peace be upon him). That's why. His established dynasty is known as 'Syed dynasty'. However, there are differences of opinion. Some of the historians think. Although the ancestral home of Khizir Khan's ancestors was in Arabia, there is no definite evidence as to whether he was a descendant of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Historian KM Nizami said, "There is no way to prove with historical sources that he was a descendant of the Prophet. However, due to the title 'Syed', it is difficult to call his established dynasty Syed dynasty. No. ”

The English set up a trading post at Surat

The Adopting next year's program for political progress


List of Syed dynasty (1414-1451 AD)

When Nasiruddin Muhammad died in 1394 AD, his son Humayun succeeded

1. Khizir Khan (1414-21 AD).

2. Mubarak Shah (1421-34 AD)

3. Muhammad Shah (1434-45 AD) 

4, Alauddin Alam Shah (1445-51 AD). Khizir Khan (1414-1421 AD)

Before leaving India, Ngi appointed Khizir Khan as ruler of Multan, Lahore and Dipalpur. He is very ambitious. During the reign of Sultan Firaj Shah Tughlaq, he was appointed ruler of Multan. After the death of IT, he joined the conspiracy to gain the throne of Delhi. He died during Timur's invasion of India. Pleased with this, Taimur left him as the representative of the conquered region.

Taimur Long was without India. The death of the very high Firaj Shah helped Taimur.



After the death of Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah

The last sultan of the Tughlaq dynasty, his minister Daulat Khan Ladi ascended the throne of Delhi. Khizir Khan defeated and expelled Daulat Khan in 1414 AD and ascended the throne of Delhi. He, with the help of Minister Taj-ul-Mulk, launched successful campaigns against Kampil, Patiala, Gwalior, Etowah, Mewat and the rebellious zamindars. But his rule in India was not permanent. Because the Turkish aristocracy of India never liked him. Didn't see. They always create chaos in the state. Khizir Khan to suppress the revolt of these Turkish elites. Iktagula is divided into shik or district. But the employees of the district disobeyed the order of Khizir Khan. Contradicts. Due to this his regime could not gain stability. According to Yahya bin Ahmad Sirhindi, author of the contemporary historical book Tarikh-i-Mubarakshahi, Khizir Khan. His descendants are known as Syed dynasty because they were descendants of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). It is true that his ancestors were natives of Arabia, but there is no definite historical evidence as to whether they were in fact descendants of the Prophet (peace be upon him). But he was a humble, compassionate, benevolent, and just ruler. He had a deep allegiance to the Timur dynasty. For this he did not take the title of Sultan but took the titles of 'Rait-i-Ala' and 'Masnad-i-Ala'. Jai Hayek, Khizir Khan was a great and wise ruler and always kept his promise. This progenitor ruler died on May 20, 1421 AD. At his death, the people observed Shake for three days.

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