A movement was formed for the purpose of protection

A movement was formed for the purpose of protection

A movement was formed for the purpose of protection

This movement is known in history as Khilafat movement Mad Ali, Maulana Shawkat Ali, Maulana Abul Shulam Ani led the movement in the district in 1919. The caliphate movement intensified in 1920 when the Allies imposed a source choke on Turkey and tried to dismantle the truth and abolish Turkish sovereignty. The Indian Caliphate Committee convened a meeting of Indian Muslims at Lafau in October 1919 in Bombay. Therefore, it was decided to set up blacksmith branches in all the provinces. Next month at Sher-e-Bangla. K. At the first meeting of the Caliphate Committee chaired by Fazlul Beer, it was decided that the British government should be the caliph of Turkey.

The International Mother Language Day (International Mother Language Day)

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque


Muslims will follow the policy of non-cooperation with the government 


if they do not promise to protect Da. Consequences of the Hilafat Movement: The Khilafat Movement was basically a spontaneous movement of Indian Muslims. The aim of the movement was foreign (to keep the caliphate of the Turkish caliph intact). A central to the movement. Despite trying to bring it under the leadership, its organizational weakness prevailed. In such a mass-based movement. Leaders did not have the ability or experience to lead. In addition, there were extreme differences among Muslim leaders over Gandhi's boycott. The part of the Muslim leadership educated in Islamic teachings took a stand in favor of this program. On the other hand Jinnah, Fazlul Haque, Syed Wazir Hasan, Abul Kashem and others! Calling the program destructive would not be in the best interests of the Muslims, they refused to accept it and withdrew from the movement. These were the weaknesses of the movement. Jai Hayek, Maestafa in 1924. Kamal Pasha (Kamal Atartuk) took over the leadership of Turkey and declared the end of the Caliphate. Turkey became a secular republic. Then the rationality of the Khilafah movement became exhausted. Importance of Khilafah Movement: The Khilafah Movement was an expression of the anti-imperialist attitude that developed in the Muslim community. This was the first step against imperialism. This movement gave rise to anti-British political consciousness among the middle class and intellectual Muslims. Through this, the Muslims unitedly participated in the movement at the all-India level. During the Khilafah and the Non-Cooperation Movement, there was a great rift between the middle and lower middle class rich and poor of India, which was not seen even in the revolt of 1857. The Khilafat movement united Hindus and Muslims in India and laid the foundation for an anti-British political struggle. Thinking of the national interest, Mahatma Gandhi supported the Muslims' demand for caliphate. The teachings of this movement later inspired the people of India with the independence movement.

The Khilafah movement gave rise to political awareness among Muslims. As a result, new Muslim leadership was created at the village level as well. But as Gandhiji abruptly stopped the non-cooperation movement, Muslims became anxious about future political goals. Moreover, the inequality and hostility of the government towards the Muslims created in the minds of the Muslim leaders the idea of ​​forming their own separate homeland; According to which India was divided into Pakistan in 1947 on the basis of biracialism and Pakistan was created. Accepting the offer of the Non-Cooperation Movement: The agitators continue to work for the integrity of Turkey as well as for the independence of the Indian subcontinent. At that time the Congress under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi had autonomy in the Indian subcontinent

The Military rule of 1956

The heart of the city is with them but its words against

The Muawiyah was a calm


The oscillation continues

A movement was formed for the purpose of protection

He fully supported and co-operated with the Muslim caliphate movement.

The British government suppressed the extremist revolutionary movement in March 1919. In order to do so, the restraining order was passed and hundreds of people were imprisoned without trial. The assassination of Jallianwala Bagh on 13 April 1919 took place against the backdrop of Gandhiji's satyagraha and protest movement against the said law. At the behest of British General Dyer, some 400 unarmed people were shot dead. As a result, the dissatisfaction of the Indians turned into violent protests. Then in March 1920, Gandhiji adopted a program of non-cooperation and observed Shake Day on 19th March. At this time the Central Caliphate Committee reiterated the demands of the Muslims and declared a policy of non-cooperation with the British government. The proclamation called for the abolition of government titles and unpaid posts, the resignation of the government from private positions, the resignation of the police and the army, and the abolition of rents. Gandhiji called on the 23 crore people of India to come forward with the help of 70 million Muslims at the Caliphate Conference of Sindh province held in July 1920 in view of the declared policy of the Caliphate. He declared a non-violent non-cooperation movement against the British on 1 August 1920 through a hunger strike and prayers. In the same year, Gandhiji presented a proposal for a non-violent non-cooperation movement at the Congress session in Calcutta, promising the members that if the Indians were guided by his plan, India would gain independence within a year. Despite opposition from some leaders, including Muhammad Ali Jinnah, his proposal was approved by a majority. Jinnah, however, later acknowledged his legitimacy. Gandhiji's proposal for a non-violent movement was unanimously adopted at the Nagpur session of the Congress. The Congress and the Khilafah Committee agreed on the three main goals of the non-cooperation movement. Such as- (1) the provision of satisfaction of the Punjab's complaint, (2) the end of the injustice of the British government towards the caliphate and (3) the granting of Swaraj to the Indians. When the leaders of the Congress and the Muslim League felt each other's support and cooperation in support of their respective movements, they met at a conference in Amritsar and decided to jointly lead the movement under Gandhiji. Dr. A. R. According to Desai, "the non-cooperation movement paves the way for the next national movement in India." , Increasing Hindu-Muslim harmony, formation of people's arbitration board instead of courts, establishment of national schools and colleges, expansion of handloom weaving, village development, etc. Intensity of the movement: The caliphate and non-cooperation movement was jointly led by Gandhiji. 

Their legal business is already in the Indian subcontinent

In business quit. Students drop out of school and college

Leaving the factory. Everywhere there is a rush to use indigenous products. This movement is short-lived. Spread throughout the subcontinent. When the Prince of Wales visited India in 1921, he was greeted by nationwide protests. Ram Gopal's Indian Muslims: A Political. (1858-1947), quoting the book London-1956. Mahbubur Rahman said, “1921


A tragic massacre took place in Bombay

 In Bombay on the occasion of the arrival of the Prince of Wales. The strike was called by the Laft and Non-Cooperation Committee. Police conducted a procession during the strike in the city of Bond. 53 people died in the rain. Gandhi went on a five-day hunger strike to protest the incident. "" The repressive policy of the British government. Is determined to suppress. Unarmed Indians who took part in the non-violent movement were subjected to unspeakable torture by the government. All the leaders of the Congress and the Caliphate except Gandhiji were imprisoned. The Congress decided to break the law against this repressive policy of the government. Gandhiji told the Governor General that if the prisoners were not released within seven days, the countrymen would be advised not to pay revenue. Withdrawal of the movement: In the final stage of the non-cooperation movement, this non-violent movement became violent. In 1921, the Maepla peasants in Malabar started a revolt and riots against the zamindars. On 4th February of the following year, a mob attacked a police station at Chaurichaura in Uttar Pradesh and burnt alive 21 sepoys and a Darega. In this situation, Gandhiji was shocked to see his non-violent and non-cooperation movement turn violent and withdrew the entire movement at the Bardali Conference. This caused frustration all over India. The British government arrested Gandhiji and tortured other activists. As a result of the non-cooperation movement, the caliphate movement also came to a standstill. In 1924, Turkish leader Mostafa Kemal Atatুrk dissolved the caliphate and proclaimed Turkey a modern republic.


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