sanctity of Medina was destroyed

sanctity of Medina was destroyed

sanctity of Medina was destroyed

In this context, the Ansar of Madinah under Aluh Ibn Hanaila declared a rebellion. They are the Wall of Medina Expels bin Muhammad and demands the fall of Yazid. In 60 AD, Maya Abdah proclaimed him as the caliph. On the other hand, Yazid's forces set fire to the Kaaba. In this regard, M. gitti.

While leaving, the Kaaba caught fire and burned to the ground. In Kala, the stone is divided into three parts. 

S. M. Totamuddin: realizing the situation of the entire Hejaz, said, "Soon his khilafat was accepted all over at.

Most Viewed writing and reading of Arabic language became easier

The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire


The birth of the Shia community

The Karbala massacre divided the Muslim world into two camps. Of Islam. The most tragic, shocking and heinous incident in history destroyed Muslim unity and solidarity. All day long. The devout Muslims of the Muslim world are suffering. Outwardly, although the victory of Papatma Yazid seems. From a historical point of view, the seeds of rebellion were sown in the Karbala massacre. After the Karbala incident, the Muslim world split into two rival factions, the Shiites and the Sunnis. Historian P. K. Shi-ism was born on the tenth of Muharram." That is to say, "Hussein's blood proved to be more effective seed in shaping Shi'ism than his father's blood." On the 10th of Muharram, Shia doctrine was born. "Later, Shia-Sunni antagonism destroyed the peace and unity of the Muslim world. It controlled the fate of the Muslim Empire. The demands of the Khilafah and its descendants became increasingly prominent in the Muslim world.

Battle of Abrar: This tragic incident in Karbala started the tension in Medina. The pious Muslims became frightened and apprehensive. Rose. Khalifa's luxury and behavior m

His behavior was not acceptable to the people of Medina. They announced the removal of Yazid. Expelled his appointed ruler from Medina. Yazid became angry and sent a large army led by Muslim Ibn Uqbar to Medina. On the 1st of August, a fierce battle took place between the two groups. Due to their small numbers, the people of Medina were defeated by the Yazidis. Many of the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) died in this battle. Yazid's barbaric army carried out extensive looting and torture in Medina for three days. The educational institutions, mosques and buildings that were built during the reign of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and Khulafa Rashedin. Is destroyed. Historian Amir Ali remarked, "The city which sheltered the Prophet and which was sanctified by his life and prophethood is now despicably insulted. Those who come to the side of the Prophet in times of danger. They were exposed to such disgusting cruelty. ”



Emergence of Persian nationalism

sanctity of Medina was destroyed

As a result of this war, Arab nationalism was weakened and Persian nationalism. Causes upheaval. Imam Husain's wife was a daughter of Sassanid descent. For this reason, the Persians supported Husain's son Ali (Zainul Abidin) as caliph. 

Bernard Lewis said: "The conviction had no political significance. The aftermath was astonishing, "said Syed Amir Ali. Yazid died in 63 AD at the age of 43 after a reign of only three years and six months. Although Alpha Yazid was blamed for the atrocities, he was not the mastermind behind the tragic killings. He played a key role. If its peace offer had been accepted, Yazid would not have been identified as the attacker of the family of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh). That is, Hashemite hatred was inherent in him. And for the security of the Umayyad dynasty, he wanted to keep the throne intact. The decline of the Umayyad dynasty began with the massacres that took place during his reign. 03 shar is started. Muawiyah II (63 AD) (Muawiyah-II)




After the death of Yazid 

The second caliph of the Umayyad dynasty, his son Muawiyah II succeeded to the throne. This third ruler of the Umayyad Caliphate ruled for only three months from November 11, 63 AD. This ruler of the newly established Umayyad dynasty was ill and humble in nature. He was the last caliph of Abu Sufyan Gaetr. He was a very weak ruler. During his time there were revolts in different parts of the empire. At this time Abdullah bin Zubayr, the independent ruler of Makkah and Medina, established dominion over a large part of Egypt and Syria. When a man from Tamim Gatr proclaimed Abdullah Ibn Zubayr as caliph in Basra, the Wali there. Obaidullah fled. The people of Kufa also recognized Abdullah as caliph. At that time Persia was the Kharijites. In control. Thus the Umayyad Empire became only Damascus-centric.


Al-Qaim (934-946 AD) (Al-Qaim, 934-946 AD)

 After the death of Al-Mahdi, his eldest son took the title of 'Al-Qaim' and ascended the throne. Al-Qaim was born in 265 AH in Salamia, Syria. During the Mahdi Caliphate, he made a special contribution in a military campaign against the barbarians. Qaim became a skilled warrior during his father's reign. He himself took part in various wars. He was the first of the Fatimid caliphs to form a navy and try to influence the Mediterranean. His navy dominated the Mediterranean Sea and invaded the French coast in 934 or 935 AD. In this way he showed success in various campaigns. He also occupied Zenaya and acquired a large number of slaves and valuable treasures from the Calania region. However, several attempts to conquer Egypt failed.




Al-Qaim is a dissident in foreign affairs

Although he showed a lot of success in foreign affairs, he showed failure in internal affairs. During his time, the barbarians, led by a Kharijite from Yazid Gham, revolted. He invited Al-Nasser of Spain through his political foresight and called for an end to the Fatimid caliphate. This rebellion.


Lasted until 143 AD, which was a threat to Fatimid rule. Fatimid forces repeatedly failed to suppress the rebellion. As a result, most areas of the Fatimid kingdom and Yazid were under siege. Yazid failed to attack the capital four times in a row. Eventually he besieged the capital and proceeded to capture Susa. At this time al-Qaim died; But the news of his death was kept secret. Even after his death, the rebellion of Abu Yazid did not stop. However, after the death of Qaim, his son Al-Mansur was able to suppress the rebellion of Yazid. Al-Qaim ruled for 12 years. During his time the state has undergone extensive development. Formation of the Navy during his tenure. Kara is an important event in the history of Fatimid rule.


Alu-Mansur (946-952 AD) (Al-Mansur, 946-952 AD) 

After the death of his father Al-Qaim, his son Abu Tahir Ismail al-Mansur bin Amr Billah took the Fatimid throne. He was born in Kirayan in 302 AH (911 AD). He grew up in a war situation in North Africa. Mansur came to power at the age of 32 during the rebellion of Abu Yazid. About him Syed Amir Ali said, "A young man of rare energy and determination." That is, “He. He was a young man of rare and strong character.


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