The According to the election results

The According to the election results

The According to the election results

Lord Lytton invited Chittaranjan Das to form the cabinet. But he refuses to give up. Because he wanted to abolish the dual system of 1919 AD. The agreement made Bengalis aware of their right to self-determination. The Muslim community of Bengal benefited from this. Proof of this is the massive participation of Muslims in the representative bodies including the Board of Managers, Calcutta Corporation. This agreement provided an opportunity for the development of Muslim leadership. As a result, Muslims later thought of a separate homeland for themselves. However, for various reasons, the good relations that developed between Hindus and Muslims through the Bengal Agreement were destroyed. The pro-Gandhi Congress party and the anti-Swaraj Hindus were fiercely opposed to the Bengali treaty. On the other hand, the Hindu-Muslim riots completely eroded the harmony. Disappointed, the members of the Swaraj Dal joined the Congress. As a result, the political movement of this new organization gradually became weak. In the end, it was not possible for the Swaraj Dal and the Bangla Agreement to survive. Simon Commission and Nehru Report

Simon Commission.

The Government of India Act of 1919 did not meet the demands of the Indian people for provincial autonomy. The people of India are extremely opposed to this law. In November 1926, the British government set up a six-member commission to review the political aspirations of the people of India by revising the law governing India.

It is named after Sir John Simon, chairman of the commission. ‘Simon Commission’. There were no Indian members in this commission, which is why Indian leaders ridiculed it as a 'white commission'.

Image: Sir John Simon. On May 26, 1930, the commission submitted a two-part report.

(Sir John Simon) The first part deals with the political and administrative problems of India and the second part recommends its solution. The Commission proposes federal government system, joint electoral system, proper development of autonomous bodies and autonomy for India. The recommendations of the Commission were rejected by the Indians. Then in April 1930, when the Indian National Congress started an anti-British movement, the Simon Commission failed miserably.

The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

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The three political leaders rejected the Simon Commission report

Ce started a lawlessness movement against the regime. From then on, Secretary Birkenhead challenged the Indians in the British Parliament to come up with a joint constitution. The Challenge of Macbeth An all-party conference was held in February-March 1926 to draft a constitution that would enable the establishment of a fully responsible government in India. At this conference a small committee was formed with Pandit Motilal Nehru as its chairman. The committee submitted a report in August. It is named after the chairman of the committee, Pandit Motilal Nehru, the Nehru Report. Proposals were made for an all-India federal system, mention of fundamental rights of citizens in the constitution, representation on the basis of population, dominion status, representative and responsible government, provincial autonomy, creation of Sindh province, abolition of reserved seats in Bengal and Punjab. The report recommends a more centralized system of governance than the actual federal system. The report recommended the abolition of separate electoral system. The Muslim community was shocked when the report was published. As a result, the report hinders the maintenance of communal harmony and threatens to escalate the violence.

The Fourteen Points of Jinnah and the Round Table Meeting 14 Points of Jinnah and the Round Table Meeting The Fourteen Points of Jinnah and the Round Table Meeting Liberal political leaders, according to Jinnah and Maulana Muhammad Ali, were offended by the Nehru Report's proposal to abolish separate electoral systems. So in March 1929, at the council session of the Muslim League in Delhi, Jinnah made his famous fourteen-point demand for the protection of the interests of the Muslim community. If the following points are presented below, the formation of the future constitution will be based on the federal system. Unspecified power will be in the hands of the province. The two provinces should be given similar autonomy. • Minorities must have adequate representation in the legislature and other elected bodies. However.

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Care must be taken to ensure that the majority does not become a minority because of the trinity.

The Muslim representation in the Central Legislative Assembly shall not be less than one-third of the Mate membership. 5. There should be separate election system for representation of different communities. But the community wishes

If you do, you will be able to adopt a time-bound election system instead of individual elections. . The Muslim majority must be kept intact in Punjab, Bengal and the North-West Frontier Province. . All communities must be given full religious freedom and the right to education. . If three-quarters of the members of the community concerned in any corner of the legislature oppose the bill,

To be withdrawn. 9. Indus needs to be separated from Bombay and a new province must be created. 10. According to other Indian states, governance reform needs to be introduced in Balochistan and the North-West Frontier Province. 11. Adequate rates in the opinion of other Indians on the merits of employment in all state and autonomous bodies.

Muslims need to be recruited. 12. Preservation and development of Muslim culture, language, education, religion, personal law and charities

Necessary laws must be in place. 13. The central and provincial cabinets should include one-third Muslim members. 14. Constitutional changes cannot be made without the permission of the provincial legislature. Gaeltable meeting.

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The British government convened a galatable

The According to the election results

meeting in London with representatives of various Indian political parties to resolve the constitutional problems in India due to the Simon Commission report, the Nehru report and Jinnah's fourteen point demands. The aim was to outline the future constitution of India by resolving the existing political situation and crisis in India. The meeting convened in London was concluded in three sessions. First Galatabel Meeting The first session of the Galatabel meeting was held on November 12, 1930. The meeting was held on January 19, 1931. Lasts till. King George V inaugurated the meeting. British Prime Minister Ramsay presided. Ramsay Macdonald. The Indian Congress did not attend the session. Among the Indian leaders. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Tej Bahadur San, Sher-e-Bangla A, K, Fazlul Haque and D, B, R, Ambedkar were present. The British Prime Minister made a number of constitutional proposals at the meeting. Including the formation of a federal government in India,

One of the proposals is to form a responsible government in the provinces and a partially responsible government at the center. But. | The first Galatel meeting failed because there was no consensus on the issue of minorities.

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