The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

The people of the two regions of Pakistan will have their fair share of rights. , Followed by discriminatory policies towards East Pakistan in all spheres including military, economic and education. As a result, East Pakistan retreated rapidly. This disparity created a huge gap between West Pakistan and East Pakistan, which is discussed below.

The United Front undertook a comprehensive election program consisting of 21 points which was aimed at the voters at all levels. Is able to suffer. On the other hand, the ruling party, the Muslim League, did not have a specific and pro-people corner program. At the beginning of the United Front's 21-point program in the Salim League's communal campaign Macabella, the Koran and Suri.

No declaration will be made against the leak policy. Such a declaration is strategically important. Lee. On the other hand, the non-communal character of the United Front was not disturbed in the slightest by this. . Problems of Participation of Bengali Political Elites: Establishment of Western Ruling Pakistan after Partition. Bengali political elites, who play an important role, are far from power with the help of various sub-strategies. Puts away. He has not held provincial council elections for a long time and has 34 vacant seats.

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                Without holding by-elections

 they are deprived of all opportunities to participate in politics. . The internal conflict of the Muslim League. The ruling Muslim League was not only weak in many respects

In the run-up to the election, factional squabbles between the league leaders intensified. Which would take a Muslim.

Accelerates the path to defeat in the election. . The united position of the united front. All the important political parties and elites in East Bengal at that time.

He was able to form a united front against the ruling party and take a united political position, which proved to be a very effective strategy for winning the elections. . Dreams of Bengalis around Pakistan: Dreams of Bengalis around the creation of Pakistan were their socio-economic

Cultural and political conditions will improve. But with the establishment of the new state, their dream was shattered. As a result of the new form of rule and discrimination by the West Pakistani ruling class over East Bengal, it was quickly realized among the Bengalis that they were freed from the shackles of slavery and enslaved to another.

Done. The election of '54 was a ballot protest of the Bengalis against this situation. | 9. The Rise of Bengali Nationalist Consciousness: The 1952 Language Movement

Lets face to face. The continued repression of the Muslim League united the Bengalis and gave rise to a new nationalist consciousness among them. As a result, the Bengalis belonged to the Muslim League in the 1954 United Front elections

Takes extreme revenge against. | Representation of East Bengal in Pakistan Constituent Assembly

East Bengal Representation in Pakistan Legislative Assembly The first Pakistan Constituent Assembly was formally convened in Rachhi in August 1947 under the Indian Independence Act, 1947. 

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The council has two main responsibilities

The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

To formulate a new constitution for Pakistan and  2. Until the new constitution is enacted and implemented, the Federal Legislative Assembly of Pakistan To conduct work as Assembly. The number of members of this Constituent Assembly was 69. Later 10 members from native states and tribal areas

As it was included, the membership of the Constituent Assembly stood at 69. The number of delegates from East Bengal was 44. 1948 | The first session was held in Karachi on 10th August, and Yagendra Nath Mandal was elected as the President.

On 11 August 1947, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was unanimously elected the Permanent President of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. Until the constitution is written, the Constituent Assembly will also act as the central legislature.

The decision is. This Constituent Assembly has not been able to make much progress in drafting the constitution. Of


Constitution of 10 (Constitution or 10s)

| The first Constituent Assembly could not formulate a constitution. In the long 8 years, the Constituent Assembly has been in the ideal proposal

Pakistan's first ganap was limited.

1954

After the election of AD, progress was made in drafting the constitution. In 1953, Muhammad Ali Khan became the Prime Minister and played a role in drafting the constitution. He devised a formula based on equality between the two provinces, known as the Muhammad Ali Formula.

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The formula ended on October 24 when Governor General Golam Mahen declared 

 state of emergency. The Governor General constituted the second Constituent Assembly on 26 May 1955. The first session of the second Constituent Assembly of Pakistan was held on July 7, 1955. In this session. A document was signed for the purpose of drafting the constitution of Pakistan. Constituent Assemblies of East and West Pakistan. The MoU was signed after extensive discussions among the members. This conciliatory document is the Marie Agreement. Or known as the 'parity formula'. According to the Marri Treaty, West Pakistan was formed on 30 September 1955 by uniting all the provinces and native states of West Pakistan. January 9, 1956. Pakistan's Law Minister I, I, Chulligarh raised the Pakistan Constitution Bill in the second Constituent Assembly. The bill. After extensive discussions and some amendments, the Constituent Assembly was finally convened on February 29, 1956.

Accepted by. On March 2, 1956, Governor General of Pakistan Iskander Mirza signed the bill passed by the Constituent Assembly. The Constitution came into force on March 23, 1956 as the first constitution of Pakistan. Causes of the Failure of the Constitution of 1956 Causes of Failure of the 1956 Constitution The 1956 Constitution was valid for only 2 years 6 months and 15 days. The 1956 constitution failed for various reasons. At that time there were no well-organized political parties in the corner. Besides, the Prime Minister used to interfere in the affairs of the ministers unnecessarily. The constitution of Pakistan in 1956 failed due to reluctance of general elections, bureaucracy and conspiracy of the army. As a result, on October 7, 1958, President Iskander Mirza imposed martial law on Pakistan with the help of the then Army Chief General Ayub Khan. 26th of the same year. In October, General Ayub Khan removed Iskander Mirza and declared himself President of Pakistan. The military rule of Ayub Khan began, which lasted till June 1972. At that time the 1956 constitution was repealed and the central and provincial legislatures were dissolved. Besides, the activities of political parties were declared closed.


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