The importance of the non-cooperation movement

The importance of the non-cooperation movement

The importance of the non-cooperation movement

The importance of the non-cooperation movement in the history of the subcontinent is immense. The non-cooperation movement has played an important role in the realization of India's independence. Although the movement was not successful in the final stage. However, with the participation of peasants, workers, common people, rich and poor, men and women of all walks of life, this movement turned into a just mass movement. Not only against the British, but also against the pro-British zamindars and the ruling class, the workers' strike further accelerated the non-cooperation movement.

The first anti-All India mass movement was the Non-Cooperation Movement. Gandhiji was the first through this movement He highlighted an important issue at the national level, which was even faster than the Great Revolt of 1857. A.

A movement was formed for the purpose of protection

Character and Achievement As a determined and just ruler

Mention Not When Sultan Muhammad bin Fateh II captured Cantinepal

The movement spread all over India

At this time people participate in various meetings and rallies, speeches and strikes. As a result, political consciousness spread among the common people by getting involved in the movement. Patriotism is awakened in them. This movement inspired Indians to fight against British imperialism. For a while, however, the Hindu-Muslim community united and formed a fierce anti-British movement. However, the withdrawal of Gandhiji's non-cooperation movement caused a rift in this unity. Even after this, the anti-British movement, the Congress and the Muslim League, sometimes continued together, sometimes separately. Once again the non-cooperation and caliphate movement continued side by side. Gandhiji led it. As a result, Hindus and Muslims came together. Jumped into the anti-British movement. This movement transformed the Congress from an upper and middle class organization to a mass organization. Ordinary people also get the opportunity to become members of this organization. On the other hand, the Muslim League is very inactive in the Khilafat movement. However, after the movement, it announced a new anti-British program, which later became unique for Muslims. Habitat formation became a movement. The non-cooperation movement paved the way for the realization of rights through open mass movement instead of secretly violent process. In order to prove that it is possible to achieve success in the movement through the spontaneous participation of the people. This movement awakens the consciousness of nationalism in the people. Which later showed the way of independence to the people of India.

Party work: Find out the logical reasons why the caliphate and non-cooperation movement turns into a violent movement.

Formation of Swaraj Party The withdrawal of Mahatma Gandhi's non-cooperation movement caused a rift in the Congress. So is the Congress leader. A new 'Swaraj Dal' was formed in 1922 under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das and Motilal Nehru. During this time the party introduced several new trends in Indian politics. Motilal Nehru's residence in Allahabad in March 1923. The constitution and goals of the Swaraj Dal were announced. In fact, apart from the opposition to the boycott of the legislature, there was no difference between the party and the Congress. Participating in the election of the legislature to establish Swaraj, the government from the inside is useless. That was the goal of the team. Apart from the huge success in the elections of 1923 in 4 provinces, the party in Bengal. Achieves majority. The party also won 45 of the 101 seats in the central legislature. Apart from the Central and Provincial Legislative Assembly elections, the Swaraj Dal is also contesting the Municipal and Corporation elections. Is widely successful. The frustration that arises in the national life after the failure of the non-cooperation movement, the national life as a result of the formation of Swarao Dal. Became lively. Protecting communal harmony, Swaraj Dal exposes the misguided policies of the British government. Increases mass awareness. Following the path of its continuation, the independence movement became much faster in later times. However, the opposition of the Congress, like that of Chittaranjan Das in 1925, was due to the strict policy of the British government. Was unable to play a proper role. However, it must be said that the Swaraj Dal has played an unprecedented role in maintaining Hindu-Muslim harmony.

The Ministerial Mission Plan calls for the formation of a three-tiered United States in India

The Most Powerfull Sultan Mubarak Khan (1421-1434 AD)

Bengal Pact-1923 (Bengal Pact-1923)

The importance of the non-cooperation movementThe importance of the non-cooperation movement

Bengal Pact or Congress and Muslim Realist politicians.

There was disagreement among the Muslim League leaders about the program of the non-cooperation movement. However, four politicians Chittaranjan Das felt that the demands of the majority Muslims in Bengal were ignored. It is not possible to achieve that. He found that the Muslim community in Bengal lagged far behind in terms of employment, finances and politics. So he tried to get the support of Muslims and unity between Hindus and Muslims. The Muslim leader of Bengal. K. Fazlul Haque, Abdul Karim and Hassan Shahid Sehrawardy came forward in collaboration. At the initiative of these leaders, the Bengal Pact or Bangla Agreement was formally adopted.

La Congress leader Subhash Chandra Bose signed the agreement

Abdul played an important role in the execution of the Bengali treaty. Karim, Mujibur Rahman, Akram Khan, Moniruzzaman Islamabadi and other leaders. The Bengal Agreement or Bengal Pact was a strong step for the unification of Hindus and Muslims in Bengal. In this agreement, after the establishment of Swaraj, there was a condition to provide various benefits to the Muslims. The conditions were clear

1. When autonomy is established, each community of Bengal will get its own rights and in proportion to the population

Will be able to represent in the Legislative Assembly in separate election system. 2. In the case of local self-governing bodies, the majority community in each district is 80 per cent and the minority

The community will get 40 percent of the seats. 3. For the Muslim community, 55 percent of jobs in government offices will be reserved. This is the reserved stage

Until it is completed, it has been said that 70 per cent of the Muslims will be employed in the government service on the basis of minimum qualifications. Non-Muslims make up 45 per cent and Hindus in the meantime

If a community wants to pass a law on religious matters

it must do so with the consent of three-quarters of the elected members of the legislature. = 5. Protests with music in front of the mosque are prohibited and there will be no interference in the slaughter of cows. = Importance of Bengal Pact or Bengali Agreement: The Bengal Agreement in establishing unity among the Hindu-Muslim community of Bengal.

The role is undeniable. This agreement played a major role in promoting unity and harmony between the two communities. As a result of this agreement, Swaraj Dal won 21 seats in Muslim and 36 seats in Hindu constituencies in the undivided Bengal Legislative Assembly elections. Gains. He also won a majority of seats in the Calcutta Corporation elections the following year.

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