The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

He visited the villages of Bengal and made the people aware of the 21-point question. Chhatra League and Chhatra Union. Leaders and activists participated extensively in the campaign for the United Front. The undemocratic activities of the Muslim League during the election campaign of the United Front, 'economic dictatorship, the image of inequality between the two regions in all fields' are six of the oppressors. The main election issues were the pamphlet titled 'Year', the demand for autonomy of East Bengal, the demand for state language Bengal, corruption in the ruling Muslim League, rising commodity prices, especially abnormal price rise of salt (salt sold at Rs. The rise in the price of salt and kerosene oil has angered all classes of waiters, including ordinary housewives. On the other hand, there was no socio-economic election program in the specific corner of the Muslim League. Their election campaign was dominated by Pakistan's solidarity, religious slogans and anti-India sentiments. The Muslim League campaigned against the United Front as 'Islam is endangered', 'Pakistan is endangered', 'Communists are India's spies' and so on. Their propaganda was not accepted by the people. Election Ceremony: March 8, 1954 is the pre-determined date for the East Bengal and East Pakistan Provincial Elections. Is held. The Azad newspaper reported on March 9 that the election was held peacefully. | The newspaper further said that although there was some fear in the minds of the people about the election, in the end the election was held with peace and order. As a result, East Pakistan has successfully passed the first test of democracy, the Azad newspaper reported. Moreover, the newspapers of the country and abroad have termed the use of public opinion and the victory of the United Front in this election as 'Ballot Revolution'. The result of the election of 1954 (Result of the Election of 1954) 21 points made by the United Front was basically a demand for autonomy of the people of East Bengal. That is why the people of East Bengal expressed their unwavering support for their 21 points. As a result, the Muslim League suffered a crushing defeat in the elections held on March 7, 1954 and the United Front emerged victorious. In the election, 38.19 percent voted. A. Out of 309 seats in the East Bengal Provincial Legislative Assembly, the number of Muslim seats was 237 and the number of non-Muslim Hasan was 72. The results of the election were as follows:

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                  Defeat of the Muslim League

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

The defeat of the Muslim League took place in this election. Anti-language movement.

The salt crisis, scandals in the jute industry, etc., caused dissatisfaction in the minds of the Bengali people, which had an effect in 1954.

In the election of AD. 4. | Introduction to the boat symbol. With the election of 1954, the 'boat symbol' became popular among the people

By The United Front 'boat symbol received widespread public support by participating in the election. 5. Demand for autonomy: The United Front demanded autonomy in its election manifesto. The people of East Bengal

Supports autonomy. | . The beginning of non-communal politics: The beginning of non-communal politics took place through this election. United Front

The 21-point program incorporates non-communal programs. United Front 'Awami Muslim' in 1955

In the case of the League, the word 'Muslim' was dropped and only a non-communal party called 'Awami League' was formed. .. Increasing political awareness: Awareness of political rights of the people of East Bengal through this election

Increases. People participate in elections spontaneously. From the people's rights awareness

Later they learned to unite in any movement. . Recognition of Bengali language: Bengali in the first phase of the 21-point program of the United Front in the 1954 election.

It is proposed to make it the state language. After the victory of the United Front in 1956, the Pakistan Constituent Assembly gave Bengali the status of state language. At the end of the above discussion, it can be said that the importance and significance of the 1954 elections was wide and far-reaching in the political history of the Bengali nation. The Muslim League was rejected by the people of East Bengal in this election in such a way that it was never possible for the Muslim League to gain public support later.

This election played a far-reaching role in the Bengali independence movement and the rise of independent Bangladesh. The defeat of the Muslim League in the 1954 elections and the victory of the United Front were due to various reasons. This is discussed below. Formation of United Front: East Bengal against the ruling Muslim League, moderate, leftist and Islamist

The United Front, a highly representative and powerful electoral alliance with various political parties, was formed.

Very helpful in winning the election. 2. State language question: The decision of the ruling party to make Urdu the only state language of Pakistan has angered Bengalis.

Creates. On 21st February (1952) when some students were martyred in the police firing, there was an uproar among the students. Hatred and outbursts against the West Pakistani rulers took shape. In the 21-point election program of the United Front. The issue of state language is very important. The 4 points of it were Bengali language and language. Movement. Khaleq is a United Front candidate, a young student leader and a member of the All-Party State Language Struggle Council. For Nawaz, the defeat of Nurul Amin, the chief minister of East Bengal, was significant. Of the ruling class. How much the people of East Bengal are outraged by the racist language policy and the tragic events of 21st February.

This was reflected in the election results of '54. 3. Leadership: The United Front was led by Sher, the beloved leader of the Bengalis and the presenter of the Laha proposal of 1940.

In Bengali. K. Fazlul Haque, one of the sepoys of the Pakistan movement, the last Chief Minister of United Bengal and rare. Organized talent Hassan Shaheed Sehrawardy, oppressed public leader Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan. Bhasani, young and promising public leader Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and others. On the other hand, the ruling Musalma League did not have a mass-based leadership of this magnitude.

The Economic inequality towards East Pakistan was the most important

The Fair elections prove the integrity of the democratic process


Eliminating suffering, spreading knowledge

 ensuring equality and justice, eliminating torture, eliminating corruption alone.

To improve the moral and secular condition of the people by organizing social services on the basis of cooperation; . Separation of the judiciary from the executive branch, protecting the independence of the judiciary and the public works commission. | Judicial investigation prior to arrest; . Civil rights; Such as- personal and collective freedom of belief, speech, organization; 9. Strengthening brotherhood among Muslims around the world; With neighboring countries and Muslim countries of the world.

 Strengthening friendship and economic ties; 10. Promoting the true knowledge of Islam and its high moral and religious principles among the people: Establishing peace in the international arena. From Awami Muslim League to Awami League: From its inception, Awami Muslim League was a believer in secular, secular political consciousness. The word 'Muslim' of the Awami Muslim League was the opposite of this consciousness. Therefore, in the implementation of secular political consciousness, the word Muslim was dropped from Awami Muslim League in the third council session of Awami Muslim League held for three days on 21-23 October 1955 at Roopmahal Cinema Hall in Dhaka. As a result, the name of the party became 'Awami League'. It is to be noted here that the removal of the word Muslim from the Awami Muslim League has opened its doors to the followers of other religions. It is possible to get the support of all the people of East Bengal irrespective of religion, caste and creed and to establish the Awami League as an organization of all souls. 


Importance of Formers Awami League Awami

Muslim League (later Awami League) was the first political party in East Bengal. After the formation of this party, the people of East Bengal got the opportunity to exercise their political rights. The appointment of Maulana Bhasani as the President of the party and Shamsul Haq Khan of Tangail as the Secretary has resulted in a feeling of confidence among the people of East Bengal. Hassan Shaheed Suhrawala, a very popular leader of the people of East Bengal and his support for AK Awami League attracted the talented young students of East Bengal to politics. Regarding the importance of formation of Awami League, Abul Mansur Ahmed said that the door of the national institution was closed on the face of the people in this way and the Muslim League workers did not have any other way to go. So they are the Muslims of the people. Formed the league. It must have been better in the end .... The way the Muslim League collapsed in 1954, it could not have happened. In other words, if the Awami Muslim League had not been established, it would not have been possible to defeat the Muslim League in 1954. The language movement of 1952 and the united front of 1954 are the result of the efficient leadership of the leaders of Awami League. Election victory, 1958 anti-military movement, 1962 education movement, 196. Successful leadership was possible in the six-point movement of AD and the mass uprising of 1969. It is to be noted here that when the Awami League was at its peak of popularity in East Bengal, the opposite picture was seen in the case of the Muslim League. The Muslim League has broken up several times since the 1950s, most recently in the 1970 election to the Pakistan National Assembly. In the election of 1970, the Awami League of East Bengal won a huge victory. After the victory, the West Pakistani leadership began to delay the transfer of power. It will affect the Awami League. Under the leadership of the people of East Bengal gained independence through 9 months of bloody war.


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