The Meanwhile a confrontation between Mukhtar

Meanwhile, a confrontation between Mukhtar and Musab

The Meanwhile a confrontation between Mukhtar


The brother of Abdullah bin Zubayr, the governor of Iraq, resulted in Mukhtar being defeated and killed in a battle in March 7 AD. Thus Abdul Malik is one of them. The enemy suppressed Mukhtar.


Suppression of the rebellion of Khalid and Amr

Amr bin Saeed was the brother of Abdul Malik. Marwan was supposed to be his caliph after his death. But when Abdul Malik became the caliph, in 69 AD, Amr declared himself the caliph of Damascus. | Does. Abdul Malik defeated him in a few skirmishes and apparently apologized. Later he used his intellect

Abdul Malik killed him by calling him to the palace. On the other hand, Khalid bin Yazid When he demanded the post of caliph, Malik tricked him into joining his party.



Suppression of the rebellion of Khalid and Amr

Amr bin Saeed was the brother of Abdul Malik. Marwan was to become caliph after his death. But when Abdul Malik became the caliph, Amr proclaimed himself caliph of Damascus in 69 AD. Abdul Malik defeated him in a few skirmishes and apparently apologized. Later, Abdul Malik summoned him to the palace and killed him. On the other hand, when Khalid bin Yazid demanded the post of caliph, Malik tricked him into joining his party. 


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Moving forward against Musab

After suppressing the revolt of Khalid and Amir, Abdul Malik turned to Musab, the representative of Abdullah bin Zubair of Hejaz and the ruler of Iraq. At the same time, he stayed for a while, fearing a Byzantine attack from the rear. He made a treaty with the Byzantines promising to give them 1,000 gold coins to resist. Tactically freed from the threat of Byzantine attack, he advanced against Musab. He made the people of Kufa his party by provocation. In 691 AD, he himself defeated and killed Musab. After Musab's death, Abdul Malik annexed the whole of Iraq.



Taking action against Abdullah bin Zubair 

The Meanwhile a confrontation between Mukhtar
 

Abdullah, the ruler of Hejaz, was Abdul Malik's strongest rival. So he suppressed Musab and advanced against Abdullah. Iraq under the direction of the Caliph Governor Hajjaj bin Yusuf besieged Mecca in 692 AD and Abdullah was loyal to Caliph Abdul Malik

He gave a letter to accept. But when Abdullah refused, Hajjaj bin Yusuf occupied Medina without any resistance and laid siege to Mecca for about 6 months. As a result, the people of Mecca starved


Exhausted by the persecution, he began to abandon Abdullah. Under such circumstances, Abdullah, on the advice of his mother Asma bint Abu Bakr, began killing numerous Umayyad soldiers at the Battle of Arafat in October 692 AD. Despite fighting fiercely, in the end this heroic warrior lost his life in front of a huge majority. At his death, the Umayyads regained their strength. Historical p. K. Hitti said, "With the death of Ibn al-Zubayr the last champion of the old faith passed away. Uthman was fully avenged." With the death of Abdullah, Abdul Malik was established as the sole ruler of the Muslim world, and sermons were recited in his name in every mosque of the caliphate from east to west, as well as in Iraq, Persia and elsewhere. Abdul Malik was able to quell the quarrel. 

 The Adopting next year's program for political progress

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The Kharijite rebellion was suppressed 

the Kharijites gained strength by taking advantage of Abdul Malik's war with Abdullah. Determined to avenge the assassination of Imam Husain (as), they repeatedly attacked the Umayyads, but due to lack of unity and solidarity, they were defeated by the forces of Muhalilib, the caliph's general near Kirkessia. Many Kharijites, including Aftab, lost their lives at the hands of Hajjaj and many went into hiding in the desert of Al-Ahsar. 


By Suppression of Janbil's Rebellion: During the reign of Abdul Malik, King Janbil of Sijistan declared independence from Kabul to Kandahar and refused to pay taxes to the Caliph. It was a blow to Umayyad sovereignty. Moreover, when the Umayyad governor of Sijistan, Ibn Asat, also declared independence, Abdul Malik became apprehensive. Then, in 699, the caliph sent Hajjaj bin Yusuf, the governor of the eastern province, under the leadership of Abd-al-Rahman, a well-organized group called The Peacock Army. By defeating Janbil in battle, Hajjaj was able to recapture the heartland

 


While living, he comes here regularly

During his time he worked as a wealthy businessman. He had regular contacts with his followers all over the Muslim world. In a short time, Obaidullah al-Mahdi was able to establish his empire and establish his empire on a solid foundation. Below is a discussion of his reign

Relocation: Obaidullah al-Mahdi first settled in the Aglaban capital, Raqqa, to establish peace and maintain unity in the newly established Fatimid subdivision. He founded the city of Mahdia, 16 miles southeast of Cairo, in 917-920. He later shifted the capital there. Death of Abu Abdullah and Abul Abbas: The contribution of Abu Abdullah and Abul Abbas was very important in establishing Obaidullah Al-Mahdi as the first caliph of Fatimid rule. They wanted to keep the Mahdi as the nominal caliph and keep the real power in their hands. Envious of the Mahdi's position and monopoly power over the empire, they became jealous and engaged in a nefarious conspiracy to overthrow him. But the visionary Obaidullah Al-Mahdi realized that and killed them. In this way Mahdi freed the throne from thorns. Suppression of the Kharijites: The Kharijites revolted against the Fatimid caliphate in various parts of the country, including the mountainous region of Tiharat in Morocco. The Mahdi sent his able general Aruba bin Yusuf to suppress their rebellion with a strong hand. General Aruba killed about 6,000 Kharijites. As a result, peace and order returned to the empire.

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Suppression of Katama Rebellion

 The Fatimid Caliphate was established mainly with the help of Katama Gaetra. So the tendency to establish their dominance in the Fatimid kingdom was a little higher. But other parts of North Africa were dominated by Arabs. During the reign of Caliph Mahdi, a great conflict broke out between the Qatam and the Arab nations in Cairo. As a result, the people of Katama Gaetra became rebellious and disturbed the peace and order in the kingdom. Egudanya Mahdi was able to restore peace by sending his son Al-Qasim there. 


 


Mahdi's Empire Rule and Expansion

 Obaidullah Al-Mahdi was a worthy ruler. The whole of Africa. The people accepted his rule. Just as the Abbasid Caliph Mansur provided security for the Abbasid dynasty by killing Abu Muslim, so the Mahdi killed Abu Abdullah and freed his dynasty from thorns. He established his dominance over the islands of Sicily, Malta, and Corsica, which were under Aglabi rule. He led naval operations in Sardinia and annexed the state of Idrisi. He also won most of Libya and Mauritania. Mahdi tried to conquer Spain by establishing alliances with Omar bin Hafsun. In 914 he conquered Alexandria. However, he failed to conquer Egypt. 

Death: Caliph al-Mahdi died in 934 AD. He ruled successfully for 26 long years.


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