The Muawiyah was a calm

Till Sal represents the Umayyad dynasty

The Muawiyah was a calm

Muawiyah was a calm, humble and polite man. He was against his father's un-Islamic activities. He relinquished power voluntarily after a few months in power as he preferred to be involved in literature and science. He is thought to have been poisoned. With his death, the history of Abu Sufyan Gaetra's rule came to an end and the Hakami branch got the caliphate in the name of Marwan bin Hakam. 

Most of conquest of Spain by the Arabs was a very significant event

Military Campaign, Governance, Character and Achievement (61-70 AD)


First Marwan (64-65 AD) (Marwan-I) (684-685 AD) Early life and gain of caliphate

Marwan Ibn Hakam or the first Marwan was the fourth caliph of the Umayyad dynasty. As Muawiyah II was childless, his brother Khalid claimed the throne. But since Khalid was young, considering the state of affairs of the state at that time, the members of the court put Marwan, the eldest person of Hakam Gaetra, in power. Hakam was Marwan's father. Through this the ruling rule of the Umayyad dynasty emerged, which was 750. He was the cousin and brother-in-law of Hazrat Osman (ra). During his ascension to power, there were three-way conflicts in the Umayyad Caliphate. Umayyad leaders are divided on the question of inheritance. Eventually, the dispute was settled with the help of Sukun Gaetra, and it was decided that since Khalid was a minor, Marwan would be appointed first caliph and later Khalid would be appointed cipher. Note that Marwan married Khalid's widowed mother. 



Suppression of Internal Disorder

Although Muawiyah II seized power on the basis of tactics and conspiracies, Abdullah Ibn Zubayr declared independence in a large part of Syria on the occasion of the Umayyad unrest. A. As soon as Marwan came to power, Ibn Zubayr's general Al-Fihri was attacked by Marj Raheet. Sent expeditions. Marwan won the war and established Umayyad rule in Syria and Egypt. Moreover, a group of disbelievers from the desert of Karbala started anti-Umayyad activities by repenting for their deeds. Marwan suppressed them with a stern hand. Marwan arrives at Al-Subra on his way back to Damascus from Egypt, thinking of the permanence of his dynasty.

Jabia reversed the decision of the conference and nominated his sons Abdul Malik and Abdul Aziz as heirs. Angered by the news, his wife and Khalid's mother suffocated him while he was asleep on May 16, 65 AD. Killed. However, S. M. According to Imamuddin, "Marwan died of the plague." 




Abdul Malik (64 AD & Tral Abdul Malik (685-705 AD)

 
The Muawiyah was a calm

Abdul Malik, known as Rajendra or Father of the Kings in the history of Islam, is one of the best of the Umayyad dynasty. He was one of the rulers. Abdul Malik ascended the throne at the very moment when the Umayyad Empire was in turmoil due to internal rebellion and chaos. Although Hazrat Muawiyah founded the Umayyad Empire in 60 AD, Abdul Malik established the empire on a solid foundation with his skill, ability, diplomacy, etc. Historian PK Hitty said, "Under Abdul Malik's rule and that of the four sons who succeeded him the dynasty at Damuscus reached the meridian of its power and glory. That is, during the reign of Abdul Malik and his four sons in Damascus. Climb to the pinnacle of valor and glory. Reconstruction and Consolidation of Umayyad Administration Abdul Malik's heir to the throne was not a flower bed for him. Ascending the throne, he had to face various dangers. Opponents of the throne are Khalid bin Yazid and Amr bin. Conflicts, quarrels, discontent and anarchy among the enemies, rebels and ambitious people besides Saeed made the twenty year reign of Abdul Malik dangerous. Abdullah Ibn Zubayr ruled Hejaz and Iraq during the time of Yazid Due to its spread, it fell into the hands of the Umayyads. Kharijites and Ali (ra) declared dead rebellions in Medina, Iraq and various parts of Persia. In Kufa, al-Mukhtar formed a 'disciplinary party' and started a revolt. Ira. Musab and Ibrahim ibn al-Astar declare Umayyad rebellion. Rebellion is even seen in Syria. Realizing the opportunity, the Ramans also started invading the Muslim Empire. By ascending the throne, he was able to overcome these obstacles very efficiently and strengthen the Umayyad rule. Caliph Abdul Malik ascended the throne. The steps taken to strengthen the regime are discussed below. He was a Shiite and one of the companions of Imam Hasan (ra). Arab historians call him cunning and cunning. As an avenger of the Karbala massacre. He joins the Atonement 'team. He sought to expand his influence in Iraq and Persia with the help of this group. Live. 

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

The Meanwhile a confrontation between Mukhtar


  In the early part of 65 AD

 Karbala came to Mukhtar Kufa to avenge the massacre. On the other hand, Abdul Malik was busy in the capital to consolidate his power. Concerned about Mukhtar's aggression, he sent a group of soldiers led by bloodthirsty Obaidullah Ibn Ziad to Kufa against Mukhtar. . Obaidullah ibn Ziyad was defeated and killed by Mukhtar's forces in the first battle of Jab (Jab River is a tributary of Dajla river). Simar, who beheaded Imam Hasan (ra), was also killed in this battle. Mukhtar then tried to make peace with Abdullah Ibn Zubayr, who had declared himself caliph in Makkah. But because of his mischievous behavior, the ruler of Kufr imprisoned him on the orders of Abdullah, between Abdullah and Mukhtar. Conflict arises.


Al-Mahdi was a devout Muslim. He himself was a heroic warrior. His kindness and piety. Particularly noteworthy. He also has a reputation as a proletarian ruler. His architecture is highly admirable. But he was extremely power-hungry. If anyone stood in the way of gaining power, he would not hesitate to kill her. According to historians, al-Mahdi was a powerful figure in the Fatimid movement and was the first ruler of the Fatimid Empire. However, Abu Abdullah al-Shi'i's contribution to the establishment of the Mahdi Fatimid Empire is particularly significant. A man named Abdullah bin Maimun of Persia organized the Ismaili Shiites. Later, one of his sons named Ahmed took charge of the organization and propaganda of the party. Ahmed preached this doctrine. He sent a man named Ibn Hawsab from Kufa to Yemen on duty. At that time a man named Abu Abdullah bin Hasan became a disciple of Ibn Hawsab. He was a muhtasi in Basra during the Abbasid period. Later this person became known as Ash-Shii. Mash-Shi'i gives the idea of ​​different kinds of miraculous powers of Imam Mahdi. Many of Katama Gaetra's lakes and many of her fathers looked at her with suspicion. So he suppressed them with weapons. In 909 AD, Ash-Shi'i proclaimed Obaidullah as Mahdi in the mosque of Qairayan. The announcement was also made at Rakkada Mosque. He kills those who refuse to accept Ismaili doctrine. In this way Mahdi established his dominance in Kairayan. Caliph al-Mahdi was not only the first ruler of his dynasty, he was also one of its best organizers. He established a secure capital, adopted a strong foreign policy and established order in the formidable North Africa. Thus he was able to establish the Fatimid dynasty on a solid foundation. According to historian Amir Ali, "his rule was strong and vigorous. But the historian Suyuti said, "Obaidullah adopted a liberal policy for the people and they were attracted to him." In conclusion, al-Mahdi was the founder of the Fatimid dynasty and possessed of extraordinary talent. He was also a skilled organizer. His contribution to the establishment of the Fatimid dynasty will be remembered in history. "He proved himself a most capable ruler," said PKK Hitty. That is, "he was able to prove himself a suitable ruler.

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