The reason for the imposition of military rule

The reason for the imposition of military rule

The reason for the imposition of military rule

There were many reasons for the imposition of military rule in Pakistan. The reasons for the imposition of military rule are discussed below: Lack of well-organized political party: Well-organized and strong political party in Pakistan since its inception

The team did not form. Muslim League, Awami League, NAP and other political parties could not unite in national politics. When the military seized power on this occasion in 1956, it was resisted

No political party had the power to form a movement. 2. Lack of proper leadership: Due to lack of proper leadership, political parties in Pakistan have not been able to be well organized.

The leadership crisis arose over the deaths of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan. Hassan Shaheed Sehrawardy

Sher-e-Bangla A. K. Fazlul Huq fell into the trap of the Punjabi ruling class

Not holding elections on time: No national elections have been held in Pakistan since its inception in 1970. Although the United Front won the provincial elections in 1954, the ruling party's influence destroyed the parliamentary government. Due to the fear of losing the election, the Muslim League government held elections in every corner

Did not show interest in the event. In this way, the army seized power on the pretext of running undemocratic system for a long time. 4. Intolerant attitude of leaders: Lack of tolerance of political leaders, corruption of ministers and mutual

The controversy paved the way for military rule in Pakistan. Fighting in the East Pakistan Assembly, especially during the East Pakistan Assembly session, the death of Deputy Speaker Shahed Ali, an anti-unit movement in West Pakistan.

Influences military rule in Pakistan. 5. Probability of victory of Awami League: Prime Minister Malik Firaj Khan Noon in September 1956.

He announced the holding of general elections in Pakistan. The Awami League campaigned around this election and gained wide public support. Observing the possibility of Awami League victory, the ruling party of Pakistan became concerned.

Military rule was imposed for fear of losing power to the Awami League. Ayub Khan's Rise to Power and Basic Democracy Ayub Khan's Rise to Power and Basic Democracy It is the result of a lot of thought and planning. So he is different in order to maintain his power after holding power. Take the plan in hand. Basic democracy was one of them. Ayub Khan is one year in power. Ordered the Basic Democracy Order. With this order, he adopted a four-tier plan of local government, known as basic democracy.

Basic democracy orders are level-1. Union

Democracy is created in the local government system in a pyramid-shaped structure by order. In this case- 1. Union Council; 2. Thana Council; 3. District Council and 4, Divisional Council.

| Name of the hierarchy in the structure of basic democracy

Chairman | Union Council.

Members. Chairman. | The members of the Union Council are entitled to universal suffrage. Union Committee (elected by the members). On the basis of direct election of the people. | Thana Council / 7 Sub-Divisional Administrator Half Chairman of Union Council, Half Government Municipal Committee. (Government official).

Officer District Council. Deputy Commissioner

Half elected, half government official (government official) 4 Divisional Council 

Divisional Commissioner. 

(Government official) Union Council is the lowest level of basic democracy. In the municipal area it was named as Union Committee and Chhet. Town committee in town. The order said its members would be directly elected by the people on the basis of universal suffrage. Its membership is 60 thousand. Of these, 40,000 are from East Pakistan and 40,000 from West Pakistan. Only these 60,000 representatives at the union level will be considered as basic democrats. They will elect the chairman of the union, members of the national and provincial legislatures, and the president. The order called for delimitation of the Union Council on the basis of a population of 10,000 to 15,000. The second level of basic democracy.

The Bengalis were instrumental in establishing the state of Pakistan

The Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz fully implemented the Islamic caliphate in his empire

The next step of the Thana Council was the District Council

The reason for the imposition of military rule

which had a membership. 40 The highest level of basic democracy is the Divisional Council, which has 45 members. Ayub Khan spoke of several objectives for the introduction of basic democracy. Such as 1. Such democracy will not be imposed on the people from above. 2. People will be able to easily choose a representative from among the well-known people. 3. The councils formed in the basic democratic system will be free from party conspiracies and political pressure. But in reality the 'basic democracy' introduced by Ayub Khan was neither 'fundamental' nor 'democracy'. Originally, on October 26, 1959, on the first anniversary of his ascension to power, he issued the Original Democracy Ordinance, declaring the election of politicians ineligible for special reasons. On January 11, 1970, the Union Council elections, the first stage of basic democracy in the country, were held. East and West Pakistan together elected 60,000 basic democrats. On February 14 of the same year, the democrats elected Ayub Khan President of Pakistan for 5 years. But the ultimate truth is that there was no support from the common people for this election. This was to survive in the power of Ayub Khan A tactic. So basic democracy fails to establish a democratic system in Pakistani politics. Education movement of 1962. Education Movement, 1962 The education movement of 191-1984 centered on the then education and political position of Pakistan. Was rising. The anti-Ayub movement of 1962 is known as the education movement. The previous education policy of the central government of Pakistan forced the student community of East Pakistan to launch an anti-government movement. Pakistan

The plan of the government was to stop the progress of education in East Pakistan and East Bengal. Because of education in this region. If progress can be stopped, the nationalist consciousness that has developed among the people will come to a standstill. As a result, they will be able to maintain their rule for a long time. With this objective in mind, the government began to adopt extreme discriminatory policies in the field of education in East Bengal. This inequality can be clearly seen at every level of education. In the early part of Pakistan, in 1946-1947, the primary school, school teacher, and student enrollment rate in Pakistan was 7.69%, 60.93%, and 6.98%, respectively. This rate rose to 48.93%, 56.7% and 63.54% in 1982-1983 respectively. Similarly, at the secondary level in 1947-1948, the school, teacher and student ratio was 56.28%, 56, 38% and 50.46% respectively. Later in 1972-73 it decreased to 47.50%, 39.54% and 36.55% respectively.

The Leaders of the United Front like Fazlul Haque

The Military rule of 1956

Discriminatory policies in higher education

 paint a picture of growing backwardness in the East. The number of universities in East and West Pakistan in 1947-48 was 4 and 6 respectively. However, in the case of students, it can be seen that in 1947-48, the number of students in East Bengal University was 1,620 and in West Pakistan it was only 654. Later, in 1962-63, the number of students increased to 8,140 in East Pakistan and 9,454 in West Pakistan respectively. East Pakistan has a student body, but West Pakistan has a much higher student growth rate than that. The grandson of inequality of the government and the new education policy formulated at the end of 1962 will accelerate the rate of education in East Pakistan. The conscious student community, realizing the issue, formed a movement against the Ayub government. When Sehrawardy was arrested in 1972, the anti-Ayub movement intensified. Finally. Under the pressure of the movement, Ayub Khan was forced to resume his political activities. The year 1956-6 is generally referred to as the decade of Ayub development. But at that time the people of East Pakistan were deprived in all respects. In the last few years, the opposition party Awami League has organized mass protests against the IUB dictatorship for economic inequality, political stagnation and cultural degradation. At that time Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's six-point program was a charter for the realization of the rights of the people of East Bengal. Ayub Than used various tactics to stay in power. One of his tactics is the Agartala conspiracy case. The Ayub Khan government resorted to the misleading and baseless Agartala case to thwart Mujib's six-point program. But the students of East Pakistan erupted in protest against his dictatorial tactics. On January 20, 1989, police opened fire on a group of students marching in violation of Section 144. Asaduzzaman, a student of Dhaka University, was killed there. As a result, the protest turned into a mass movement. In February 1969, Ayub Khan tried to hold a gaittable meeting with the leaders of the opposition. But his attempt failed. Finally, on March 25, President Ayub Khan was forced to resign.

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