The Resurrection of the Himalayas and Mudarians

Resurrection of the Himalayas and Mudarians

The Resurrection of the Himalayas and Mudarians

In the ancient aristocratic system, the Arabs were generally divided into two groups. One is from Qahtan and the other is from Ishmael, son of Ibrahim. The Qahtan or Himalayan dynasty lived in southern Yemen and the Ismaili or Mudari dynasty lived in the Hejaz region. The Himarians were merchants and civilized, but the Mudaris were nomads and their standard of living was very low till the advent of Quraish. Long before the advent of the Prophet (peace be upon him) there was a fierce rivalry between the people of these two dynasties. The teachings of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) and later during the reign of Hazrat Omar, their hereditary animosity was removed and much improved. But Muawiyah fueled the conflict between them by fueling their own ends. Although Muawiyah relied on the Mudaris, he never allowed them to inflict additional torture on the Himarians. He maintained a fair balance of power with them. When necessary, he used to provoke one party against the other and realize his interests. Thus Khalifa Muawiyah belonged to both parties. He kept the balance between. About this p. K. Hitti says, "Out of seeming chaos he deve orderly Moslem society." That is to say, "he brought order out of the chaos and established the Muslim society."

The students were protesting against section 144

The most notable event conquest of North Africa

Provincial Governor Niage

Peace, order and security in the newly established Umayyad Empire after the suppression of the rebellion. He reformed the administrative system with the aim of establishing sovereignty. Because, he understood, it is not possible to expand the state without the central power is well established. Of course in the early stages of his solo effort. It was difficult for the Umayyads to achieve military and political success. Amr ibn al-As, al-Mughira, and Ziyad ibn Sumaiya, among others, were the ones who helped Muawiyah succeed in his life and organize the empire. The revenue collected from Egypt is mainly due to Amr's efforts to the treasury of Damascus.

Enriched. The rate of activity of Mugira and Zia

Due to our activities it was possible to subdue the restless people of Kufa and Basra. In this context, Professor P. Who, says Hitty M. TU GR, "These three with their chief Muawiyah constituted the four political geniuses of the Arab Muslims."

Amr Ibn Al-As: Amr Ibn Al-As came.

Mu'awiyah would never have been an Umayyad empire without the diplomatic activities of Mum Ibn al-As. Could not establish. He turned the victory of Hazrat Ali (ra) in the battle of Siffin into a diplomatic defeat. Later

* Do. Later, in the meeting of Duma, Hazrat Ali was unprincipled and without conscience. Mu'awiyah or (r.) Deprived of the caliphate

Muawiyah like the composition of the kingdom. He appears to have been under Muawiyah in 656 AD. Wally was appointed. From that time on, he was the last of his life. So many years. Died.

Historian William Moore rightly says of his contribution 

The Resurrection of the Himalayas and Mudarians

Courage in war, cunning in advice, words and deeds. He was able to establish the Umayyad dynasty by defeating Muawiyah Ali (ra) due to his unprincipled Amr. However, the famous philosopher and theologian Hassan al, Knock and theologian Hassan al-Basri called Amr "one of the heroes of the uncreated."

Al-Mughira: Al-Mughira was a resident of Taif. During the time of Hazrat Omar (RA) he was appointed as the ruler of Bahrain. He was a skilled organizer, a shrewd politician and a strong fighter. Unstable politician. In this situation, he has helped Muawiyah to become a visionary and efficient ruler. The contribution of the hypocritical and powerful Mugira. There were mainly two, first, the meeting with Muawiyah, Zia's understanding. Second, in his persuasion, depriving Imam Husain (ra) of his right to the caliphate and appointing Yazid as Muawiyah's successor. Moreover, the Mughira, under his able rule, suppressed the revolt of the people of Kufa and the Kharijites with a strong hand and showed his efficiency. Give. S. M. Imamuddin said, "Al-Mughirah kept the city under strict control." That is, Al-Muna. The city (Kufa) was under proper control. " He died in 60 AD. 

The English set up a trading post at Surat

The Adopting next year's program for political progress

Ziad bin Abih: Ziad was the son of the concubine of Abu Sufyan, the father of Muawiyah. For this reason, Muawiyah did not recognize him as a brother. But due to his skill and perseverance from the low environment, he got the status of ruler of Basra and Istakhar (Persepolis) in the caliphate of Hazrat Ali (ra). He was known as a prudent politician of that era for his intelligence, eloquence and genius. Muawiyah insisted on bringing Ziad to his party for his political stability. Finally, due to the persuasion and efforts of Al-Mughira, Ziad became Muawiyah's brother in 42 AH. Ziad also acknowledged Muawiyah's submission. He established a monopoly over the entire Orient from the Indus River to the Persian Sea. Although he was the first Wali of Basra, Kufr was also responsible for the death of Al-Mughira in 60 AD. He died in the year 53 AH or 63 AD at the age of 57.

Cultural Development: The Fatimid Caliphs built several cities. These include Mahdia, Muhammadiyah and Mansuria. Muiz built several palaces in these Maghreb cities. The Fatimids established their own administration in Egypt, but also continued the ancient tradition. Cairo was a festival city. The festival is held every Friday. On the two days of Eid, the Shia festival of Gadir al-Khum is celebrated on the 10th of Muharram and the first Rajab festival. During the flood of the Nile and the spring festival is celebrated at Nowraj Mahasamarahe.

Tolerance: Caliph al-Mu'izz was a tolerant man. Sunny himself despite being a Shia. Was generous enough towards the Muslims. He treats all Egyptians, Jews, Christians and Greeks, according to his merits.

 He showed special generosity by giving jobs to Jews and Christians in the revenue department. His ascension to the throne became a blessing for the Fatimids. Historian Stanley Lenpool said, "With the fourth. Caliph, al-Muiz, the fatimids entered upon a new phase." With the ascension, a new chapter of the Fatimids began. " In conclusion, although Obaidullah al-Mahdi was the founder of the Fatimid dynasty, al-Muiz was logically the real founder of this dynasty. Because Muiz conquered Egypt and established ruling power in North Africa. In short, he was able to prove his worth as a whole. Syed Amir Ali Al-Muiz said, “He was undoubtedly a Mamun of the West. During his rule, North Africa reached the highest peak of civilization and prosperity. ”

Party work: Al-Mahdi or Al-Muiz, the real founders of the Fatimid dynasty? Hold a debate on the subject.

Al-Aziz (975-996 AD) (Al-Aziz, 975-996 AD)

After Al-Mu'izz's death in 975, his son Al-Aziz Abu Mansur ascended the Fatimid throne with the title of "Al-Aziz Billah". He was born in 344 AH or 954 AD in Mahdia Nagar. Al-Aziz was the first caliph to rule from Egypt. "During the peaceful reign of Abu-Mansur Nizar al-Aziz (975-996) the fifth of the dynasty and the first to commemorate his reign in Egypt, the Fatimid empire reached its zenith." During Al-Aziz's rule, the whole of Syria and parts of Mesopotamia became part of the Fatimid Empire. In addition to Hejaz and Yemen, sermons were recited in his name in Mosul, Aleppo, Hama, Shizar and other places. At that time, the Fatimid Empire extended from the Euphrates River to the shores of the Atlantic, covering most of the Arabian Peninsula. During his time, Fatimid power became a strong rival of the Abbasid and Umayyad dynasties of Baghdad and became the only powerful state in the Eastern Mediterranean. Al-Aziz Umayyad planned to occupy Spain. He also wanted to capture Baghdad and capture the Abbasid caliph and bring him to Egypt. Probably for this purpose he exchanged envoys with Buayya Amir Azduddaulah and established friendship.

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