The second alternate meeting was held in London in 1931 after the G-Irwin Pact

The second alternate meeting was held in London in 1931 after the G-Irwin Pact

The second alternate meeting was held in London in 1931 after the G-Irwin Pact

At the session held in Karachi, the Congress decided to give the go-ahead at the Galatable meeting. This meeting lasted from 6th September to 1st December 1931 AD. At the meeting, Mahatma Gandhi, Madan Mahan Malviya and Sarajini Naidu represented the Congress party.

Image: Gandhi opposed the proposal to introduce a dual system of government at the Second Galatel Meeting Center. On the other hand, Muslim representatives Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Sher-e-Bangla A. K. Fazlul Huq made some statements in defense of the interests of Muslims. The second roundtable meeting also failed when there was a disagreement between Gandhi and Jinnah over the representation of the minority community.

The clergy and rulers of Gothic Spain were Christians

The caliphs of Rashedin in Khulafa are Ganatani

The Resurrection of the Himalayas and Mudarians


                     Third Gaeltable meeting

 The third session of the Gaeltable meeting was held on November 16, 1932. It lasts till December 24. Compared to the first two sessions, there were far fewer delegates. The Indian National Congress did not send any delegates to this session. In this session three issues gained importance- 1. The states will contribute to the federation on certain conditions. 2. Residual power distribution and 3. Guarantee of British rule. The British government rejected many of the demands of the leaders present. As a result, the third session came to an end according to the first two sessions.

Lawlessness Movement (1930-1934 AD). The Simon Commission was set up by the British government in 1926-1930 to look into the political and administrative problems of India. But the Indians rejected the proposal of this commission. The Congress, through the Nehru Report and the Muslim League, made fourteen-point demands for separate autonomy and self-interest for the Hindu and Muslim communities. But sadly, no demands were met. That is why in 1929 the Laha session of the Congress called for a non-cooperation movement with some demands. The demands were as follows

1. Resignation of Congress members of Central and Provincial Councils; 2. The offer of independence for India;

3. Proposal to break the law. | Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, it was decided to conduct this movement in a non-violent manner. There are several lawlessness movements

Proceed with the letter. In the program-1. Breaking the salt law, II. Exclusion of foreign textiles and goods, 3, do not tax land

The Adopting next year's program for political progress

Surendranath Bandopadhyay and many others along with Indian Association and India League Established

Publicity and service to humanity were the main features of Caliph Omar


elimination of drugs and opium

The second alternate meeting was held in London in 1931 after the G-Irwin Pact

The movement continues with these programs in mind. Sea gs. The British government had a ban on making boiled salt. Gandhiji himself started a lawlessness movement by making salt by boiling Samad water in a place called Dandi in Gujarat. The people of Bengal also participated in the Dandi march under the leadership of Gandhiji. At this time great enthusiasm was created among the people of Bengal. Meanwhile, along with the disobedience of the law, the boycott of foreign clothes also proceeded successfully. Farmers stop paying taxes, Chowkidari stops paying taxes. The British government tried to suppress the protesters by using various means of torture. About ninety thousand protesters, including Gandhiji, were arrested. Later, when Gandhiji was released and talks started, the movement was temporarily halted. But when the talks failed, the movement started again under the direction of Gandhiji. In 1932, the British Prime Minister MacDonald declared communal divisions the right to separate elections for minorities, including Muslims and Sikhs. Eventually Gandhiji withdrew the law-breaking movement. This movement is not completely successful. However, it was an important step in the history of India's independence movement. The report of the communal Rayedad-1932 Simon Commission was rejected by the Congress and the Muslim League. The British government later convened a Galatel meeting in London with Indian political leaders. After two roundtable meetings, there was no consensus in the legislature on the demand for reservation of seats for different communities. So the British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald declared a communal royalty on August 16, 1932, as a way to solve this problem. It is proposed to give some provinces for Muslims, Bengalis for Europeans, Indus and North-West Frontier Provinces for Hindu community and Punjab and North-West Frontier Provinces for Sikh community. Various communities and groups reacted strongly against this. The communal rhetoric or partition policy made the Congress more anti-British. Muslims, despite protests The communal decided to accept the royalty.

Government of India Act, 1935. Government of India Act of 1935 The Government of India Act of 1919 angered both Hindu and Muslim communities. Towards the end of 1926, the British government set up a constitutional commission headed by Sir John Simon to consider the Hindu-Muslim demands. The Indian people criticized the Simon Commission as the AII White Commission as it had no members in the country. The Nehru Report of 1929 AD and Jinnah's Fourteen Points on Muslim Claims represent the two communities. Government of India holds three consecutive roundtable meetings to resolve the administrative stalemate in India.


Conference). The disobedience movement is the White Paper. The attached committee 1

nce) does. No progress has been made in the constitutional corner of India in this round table meeting. Law in India. The movement takes on extreme proportions. As a result of the Round Table Meeting, the British Government issued a white paper. Paper) reveals. A joint committee was formed to review, examine and review the white paper. Provides shorts. In 1935, the report was discussed in both the Houses of Parliament. Is passed legally. The Government of India Act received royal assent in 1935 August 2nd


Features of the Government of India Act, 1935

1. All-India United States: The first all-India United States consisting of British Indian provinces and native states

The formation was proposed in the Government of India Act of 1935.

Dual rule at the center: Dual rule at the center is introduced in this law. Divided into two parts, reserved and handed over to the Central Government. Handed over by the ministers responsible for 'matters' and 'reserved matters'

Directed by the Governor General's Advisory Council. 3. Bicameral Legislative Assembly: This law introduces the bicameral legislature at the center. The name of the upper room

‘State meeting and lower house name management meeting. Increase in the power of the Governor General: The Chief Governors of the Central Government and the Provincial Governors are empowered by this Act. They are given autonomous powers, special powers and intellectual powers of personal judgment.


Read More









Previous Post
Next Post

post written by:

0 Comments: